Paris History, France
France being one of the leading nations in Europe has a history that can be traced back to thousands of years. Life was possible for the Neanderthals back then due to fertile lands and favorable geographical location. Due to this reasons, Paris has become a center for artistic and intellectual development for numerous centuries with influences including Celtic, Roman, and Scandinavian.
To understand its history, it is best to review it by period.
During the Roman times around 3rd century BC, the Parisii or Celtics inhabited Ile de la Cite and continued for 3 centuries until the barbaric invasion.
In 52 BC, Julius Caesar captured the city which became to be called Gaul. By 5th century, invasions were widespread particularly by the Attila and the Huns. Clovis I renamed Gaul to Paris and as the capital of his kingdom. Soon enough, churches were built.
In the 7th century, the Carolingians led by Charlemagne took over Paris and resulted to loss of political power. But in 987 AD, Hugh Capet, became the king of France and French government was once again secured. Then the construction of Notre-Dame Cathedral was initiated by Bishop Maurice de Sully in 1163 and completed only by 1330. During the 12th and 13th century, more churches and monuments were built including the Saint Chapelle Cathedral. In 1180, construction of Louvre, which was then a fortress, began. Universities were built as well and Paris gained the educational reputation on an international level from then on.
Around 14th century, Paris had a decline in population due to a plague popularly known as the Black Death. The rebirth of Paris or the Renaissance turned the city to be a center for art and architecture as well as technology. It was also during this period that religious conflicts got out of hand and resulted to what we know now as St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre—when Catholics massacred the Protestants.
The period of Enlightenment saw completion of major architectural developments like the Pantheon—what was supposed to be for aesthetic purposes became a part of socio-civic life of the people.
On July 14, 1789, the Bastille prison in Paris was burned and marked the beginning of French Revolution. Life got harder for the people and the monarchy showed no sign of sympathy or concern which resulted to the beheading of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.
Napoleon Bonaparte stabilized the situation and became emperor. By the middle of 19th century, Paris greatly improved in terms of infrastructures like buildings, road and sewage systems. From that time up until 1940, there were a lot of revolutions mostly due to power hunger and people rising up to the leaders. By 1944, Paris is freed with help of Allied Forces and restorations were done in the major architectural sites which were affected by the numerous wars it had undergone.
In modern-day Paris, we cannot see traces of hardships from centuries before, as it has become one of the most powerful cities in Europe, thanks to its rich heritage.
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Read our members' reviews about Paris
- Public transportation in Paris
review by erato posted more then 30 days ago
Paris is indeed an amazing city with world famous monuments and people. It is as beautiful as they say but still causes many surprises for a first-time visitor like myself.Paris - Transportation There are two different cities, one under the earth and another one up in the sunlight. The metro...
- Quick facts about the Louvre Museum
review by cipristb posted more then 30 days ago
Louvre is the largest museum of history and art from France and one of the most important museums in the world. It is located in the heart of Paris in a former royal palace, Louvre Palace. It includes a wide variety of works of art (sculptures, paintings, drawings, ceramics, archaeological...
- Weather forecast for Europe
review by travelgrove-editor posted more then 30 days ago
France - Paris Spring time is great to visit, as the city is pleasantly warm but not too hot. The southern regions are nicer in the summer time as you want to hit the beaches. Autumn can get cooler and there can be a bunch of rain. The Alps and Pyrenees offer great skiing and January till...
Read our members' travel tips about Paris
- Basilique du Sacré-Coeur
travel tip by zsoldicsa posted more then 30 days ago
The dome was built in Romanesque style and is another major symbol of Paris, so don't miss it. You can wander around the basilica and admire the beautiful gardens in the Montmartre area. There are so many tiny and adorable streets...
- Arc de Triomphe
travel tip by MadSuh posted more then 30 days ago
The Arc de Triomphe is one of the most famous sites in Paris and a symbol for Paris. It is beautifully located on Champs Elysées and was built for the victory of Napoleon's army. Tourists can climb the Arc de Triomphe can get a nice...
- The Louvre
travel tip by Wazling posted more then 30 days ago
If you are at Paris, you should definitely visit the Louvre. It´s one of the most famous museums, with exceptional collections for nearly every period of the human beings and for every piece of art and history
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