travelgrove Travel Guides

Dhaka History, Bangladesh

It was the urbanized settlements found in Dhaka area during the 7th century that marks the start of the history of Dhaka. This was when the city was ruled by the Buddhist kingdom of Kamarupa, before getting passed to the Sena dynasty control in the 9th century.

It is stated that the name of the city was derived with the establishment of the Goddess Dhakeshwari temple by Raja Ballal Sena in the 12th century. This was when the present Dhaka area was referred to as Bengalla.

The town then consisted of a few market centers like Shankhari Bazar, Lakshmi Bazar and a few localities of craftsmen and businessmen like Goal Nagar and Patuatuli. With the end of the Sena dynasty, Dhaka was ruled successfully by Turkish and Afghan governors who had descended from the Delhi Sultanate, before the arrival of the Mughals in 1608.

Dhaka was proclaimed capital by Mughals

It is said that townships, public works and growth in population took place under the Mughal rule, with the proclamation of Dhaka as the capital of Bengal. The city was then called Jahangir Nagar, after the Mughal emperor, Jahangir.

The city grew the most under the Mughal general, Shaista Khan while it passed into the control of the British East India Company after the Battle of Plassey in 1765. This war was responsible for dramatically reducing the city’s population in a short span of time.

It was under British rule when Dhaka saw the inception of modern educational institutions, townships and public works. It was however with the partition of Bengal in 1905 and 1946 that Dhaka became the capital of East Bengal.

And it was on August 15, 1947 that East Bengal became a part of the Muslim state of Pakistan. This was when Dhaka witnessed communal violence, leading to bloodshed and the death of thousands of people.

Independence did not quench the thirst of people of Dhaka

Though independent, the people of Dhaka were plagued by political turmoil with Pakistan Army operations killing or displacing millions of people. This led to the state finding it difficult to cope with humanitarian challenges. With the killing of Sheikh Mujib and military coups, military rule was established in Dhaka.

However political disorder reached its heights in mid 1980s with the Awami League and Bangladesh Nationalist Party taking lead through political and student strikes and protests. This thus led to the disruption of the lives of the people of Dhaka.

Despite all this, the history of Dhaka shows that its post independence period has experienced great growth in population, with the migration of workers. New settlements like Gulshan and Motijheel has led to a real estate boom and the present city of Dhaka.

Ask our travel experts a question about Dhaka

Things about Dhaka you may be interested in


Read our members' reviews about Dhaka

  • expeditionbdTravel to bangladesh - Expeditions and leisure
    review by expeditionbd posted more then 30 days ago
    Travel in Bangladesh with expeditions guided package travel to bangladesh - Expeditions and leisure Rangamati- the most picturesque place of Bangladesh. It’s rare scenic beauty and unspoiled tribal life is just 77km from Chittagong. It will be interesting to cruise on emerald blue water of...
  • expeditionbdSrimongol, the Tea capital of Bangladesh
    review by expeditionbd posted more then 30 days ago
    Tea valley, Rain Forest, Tribal village, SRIMONGAL Srimongal- the Tea capital of Bangladesh is just 191 km from Dhaka. The lush green tea plantation, Rubber garden and the beautiful lake always attracts the foreign tourists. The Lauawachara rain forest is the habitat of white browed Gibbons, ...
  • expeditionbdWhat to see in Dhaka
    review by expeditionbd posted more then 30 days ago
    Situated on the north bank of the Buriganga River, Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh. It is world famous as the city of Mosques and muslin. Having a happy blending of old and new architectural trends, Dhaka has been developing fast as a modern city and is throbbing with activities in all...
view all

Read our members' travel tips about Dhaka

No travel tips have been added yet for this category. Be the first to add a new one.


Members Who Have Been to Dhaka

Community Galleries About Dhaka

Browse our members' Dhaka galleries to get a better impression of the place
show alladd gallery
the best travel deals provided by TravelZoo...
  •$608China Eastern Airlines flightChina Eastern Airlines
    Los Angeles, CA (LAX)  Dhaka, BD (DAC)
    11/16/2016 11:30 am
    Dhaka, BD (DAC)  Los Angeles, CA (LAX)
    12/06/2016 02:10 pm
  •$635China Eastern Airlines flightChina Eastern Airlines
    New York, NY (JFK)  Dhaka, BD (DAC)
    11/08/2016 03:25 pm
    Dhaka, BD (DAC)  New York, NY (JFK)
    11/30/2016 02:10 pm
  •$814Emirates Airlines flightEmirates Airlines
    Newark, NJ (EWR)  Dhaka, BD (DAC)
    11/08/2016 08:20 am
    Dhaka, BD (DAC)  Newark, NJ (EWR)
    11/30/2016 06:40 pm

Dhaka City Ratings

  • Rating53%
    City Rank319
  • History & Culture: rated for 100%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 30%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 50%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 33%
  • Food: rated for 83%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 43%
  • Shopping: rated for 80%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 20%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 10%
ToolsBookmark and Share

Popular destinations

   Welcome to Travelgrove  register tell a friend bookmark it