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Rome History, Italy

The Eternal City, the Cradle of the Republic, the Pinnacle of Western Civilization… these and many others are the aliases of Rome. The beginning of this city played a vital role in the coursing and mapping of world history and has been the subject of both myths and facts alike. Poets and patrons made and told stories about this magnificent city of the gods. In hearing so, one may recall the tale of Prince Aeneas when he started the founding of a city that was later to be named Rome, after the fall of Troy from the Greeks; or the tale of the founder twins Romulus and Remus who were raised by a she-wolf as infants.

The city of Rome is one of the oldest and the most preserved to date. There are speculations that set the proximate era of its establishment. Despite the claims of the Romans that they were able to establish the eternal city in 753 B.C., views and analyses of modern historians suggest that the recognition of Rome as a city was not proven until over a century later in 625 B.C.

Rome started as a small settlement in Latin-speaking vicinity on the Western side of the Italian Peninsula. This group of people where the first Roman predecessors came about is called the Latiums. During the early development of Rome, its type of rule is actually monarchic in nature. This political arrangement continued even after the takeover of the Etruscans. However, after the last three Etruscan monarchs that ruled Rome, the concept of a “Republic” came to being, following the ouster of the last monarch in the year 510 B.C.

The onset of this new political era in the timeline of Rome brought about neo-political and neo-social structures. Some of these include the senate- political body composed of nobles that serve as advisors to the consul and the imperium- the entity that embodies the civil and executive power of the consul. One of the most notable changes in the newly formed structure is the classification or stratification of citizenship. During this period, there are four categories of citizenship based on political and social functions. These groups are the slaves, the plebeians (free people or the working class), the equestrians   (members of the Roman Army) and the patricians (nobles). From 625 B.C. until the middle of the third century A.D., Rome had assessed its presence as the greatest empire that was ever built.

The rich history of Rome was largely fueled by political undertakings, in 69 A.D. there were even four emperors at the same time. The changes in the social system from monarchic to republic to the time of emperors are but fragments of a very colorful and larger than life historical ‘facts and figures’ that is Rome.

The fall of the Roman Empire to the Visigoths in 476 A.D., last roman emperor was Romulus Augustulus, has not been extravagantly portrayed in the chronicles of the Roman existence for it is plainly dwarfed by the beauty and grandeur that was Rome.

 
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  • cipristbFavorite attraction in Rome
    review by cipristb posted more then 30 days ago
    The Pantheon was built for the first time in the year 27 AD bt Agrippa, but suffered a serious fire in year 80 so that was rebuilt in the same form by the Emperor Hadrian in 127. In the year 609 the Pantheon came into the custody of the pope Bonifaciu the forth who transformed the it in a...
  • cipristbAttractions in Rome
    review by cipristb posted more then 30 days ago
    When I visited Rome I was impresed by the amount of historic sights and vestiges wich are present there. I've stayd there 5 days but I didn't had enough time to visit all those monuments. The representing colors of the city are red and yellow. As a soccer fan one of my first ojectives when I...
  • lindamuraFew words about the International Cuisine
    review by lindamura posted more then 30 days ago
    European Cuisine is one of the finest Italian cuisine as the national cuisine known today has evolved through centuries of social and political change. Its roots can be traced back to the 4th century BC. Ingredients and dishes vary by region. There are many significant regional dishes that have...
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Read our members' travel tips about Rome


  • WazlingAbbazia delle Tre Fontane
    travel tip by Wazling posted more then 30 days ago
    Interesting place. It´s a Zisterzienser abbey. The apostle Paulus was apparently decapitated there. Place consists of three different churches and the abbey. Telefon: +39 065401655 info@abbaziatrefontane.com
  • MadSuhThe Vatican Musem
    travel tip by MadSuh posted more then 30 days ago
    The Vatican Museum is one of the most important Museums in Rome and probably in the World. You can find fantastic artwork including works of Rafael and the famous Sistine Chape. When in Rome, make sure you visit this place as it's really...
  • WazlingThe ancient Colosseum
    travel tip by Wazling posted more then 30 days ago
    If you plan to visit the Colosseum in the tourist season, go there in the morning. That has got two reasons: 1. A lot of tourists gruops come there by bus and train, what makes you waiting for entrance for a very long time. 2. In the...
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Rome City Ratings

  • Rating91%
    City Rank71
     
  • History & Culture: rated for 100%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 93%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 68%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 65%
  • Food: rated for 100%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 100%
  • Shopping: rated for 94%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 88%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 100%
  
 
 
 
  
Rome is one of the "must visit" tourist destinations in the world. This rank is based on what other travelers shared about their experiences in Rome
 
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