travelgrove Travel Guides

Dublin History, Ireland

The history of Dublin can be traced back to pre-historic times when the region as a whole saw the evolvement of a civilization that was well aware of the movement of celestial bodies, especially the Sun (the burial chambers in the Boyne Valley are proofs of those times). The area also saw Celtic settlements, the Celts started arriving in the region around 500 B.C.. A proper township, however, was established by the Norman Vikings, who laid the foundation of an urban center in the present-day Dublin city-site in 841 A.D.

History of Dublin – Norman Invasion and Its Consequences

The Norman invasion of Ireland (1171) proved beneficial for Dublin. Under the English crown, Dublin became a judicial and military center. With the shifting of the Parliament from Drogheda to Dublin (following the conquest of Kildare County by Henry VII), the town also played an important role in administration.

In spite of its increasing significance, Dublin remained a comparatively small town till about the end of the 17th century. The arrival of the 18th century, however, saw things taking a curious turn in Dublin history – Dublin started expanding and went through speedy development in almost every field. Dublin’s all-round progress brought it the recognition as the ‘second-city’ of the British Empire (next in status only to London).

History of Dublin – 19th Century to the Present Times

Just as everything was moving smoothly and in its favor, Dublin experienced another change of fortune. The Act of Union (of 1800) was tabled and this abolished the Irish parliament. Dublin, once again, slipped into an era of regression and its progress was hampered. Dublin’s plight continued for over a century until the Irish rebellions/wars of 1916, 1919 and 1921 respectively freed Ireland.

Dublin itself saw some severe actions during these tumultuous years and a large part lay in ruins; however, Dubliners had enough reason to be happy – with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, Dublin became its capital. Restoration work was started very soon and the city retained its lost grandeur.

The Irish Free State became the Republic of Ireland in 1949 and Dublin was declared its capital. (other cities in Ireland are – Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford).

Dublin made slow but steady progress and it took quite a long time for the city to shed its old, Georgian look. Around the 1990s, much of the city was re-developed and the present Dublin is an up to date city in every respect. No wonder that Dublin emerges as the top choice when it comes to leading life in a European capital city.

Ask our travel experts a question about Dublin

Things about Dublin you may be interested in


Read our members' reviews about Dublin

  • WazlingDublin is a must see
    review by Wazling posted more then 30 days ago
    Dublin is a really vibrating place. There you can have almost everything you want to. You can make just shopping tours, there're shops for everyone and every budget, as well as a huge number of pubs and bars, it's really amazing. Also a lot of clubs are located in the city center, most of them in...
  • WazlingRoundtrip thorugh Ireland
    review by Wazling posted more then 30 days ago
    It was a great trip to ireland with two of my best friends. We met at Dublin, rented a car and just drove through the country and visited the main spots there. We couldnt see all, because we haven't had so much time, but it was great. Greyhound racing at Dublin and the nightlife at temple bar are...
view all

Read our members' travel tips about Dublin

  • zangazangaChristchurch Cathedral
    travel tip by zangazanga posted more then 30 days ago
    The Cathedral is about one thousand years old. It's amazing and magnificent! It is huge and beautiful, a little bit like a castle. The inside of the cathedral is wonderful, so huge and beautifully decorated. There are pointed arches...
  • eratoThe Old Library Trinity Collage
    travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
    Trinity Collage is like a trademark of Dublin. Its huge library is just amazing - if you like books and libraries. :) You can barely imagine the amount of books there and the atmosphere of gratitude that captures you when you step in....
  • eratoThe Castle of Dublin
    travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
    The Castle of Dublin was built in the 12the century. It was the residence of the Viceroys of Ireland during the English rule. The castle has more facilities that can be visited by tourists. It's all wonderful. The castle still gives...
view all


Members Who Have Been to Dublin

Community Galleries About Dublin

Browse our members' Dublin galleries to get a better impression of the place
show alladd gallery
the best travel deals provided by TravelZoo...
  •$503Multiple Airlines flightMultiple Airlines
    Boston, MA (BOS)  Dublin, IE (DUB)
    05/26/2017 05:00 pm
    Dublin, IE (DUB)  Boston, MA (BOS)
    06/04/2017 10:45 am
  •$600Ethiopian Airlines flightEthiopian Airlines
    Los Angeles, CA (LAX)  Dublin, IE (DUB)
    12/07/2016 01:45 pm
    Dublin, IE (DUB)  Los Angeles, CA (LAX)
    12/14/2016 05:55 am
  •$630Thy Turkish Airlines flightThy Turkish Airlines
    Washington DC, DC (IAD)  Dublin, IE (DUB)
    11/01/2016 11:55 pm
    Dublin, IE (DUB)  Washington DC, DC (IAD)
    11/08/2016 11:15 am

Dublin City Ratings

  • Rating85%
    City Rank107
  • History & Culture: rated for 100%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 100%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 60%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 50%
  • Food: rated for 80%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 100%
  • Shopping: rated for 100%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 80%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 100%
   Welcome to Travelgrove  register tell a friend bookmark it