Yangon History, Myanmar
Yangon has come a long way in terms of its history—and the changes that happened are more than just modifications of its name.
The birth of Dagon
Yangon was formerly called Dagon, which was established in sixth century AD. The first occupants were the Mon, who were living then in the lower portion of the town. The people’s source of livelihood was fishing.
A couple of centuries after, Dagon was under the control of King Alaungpaya, who eventually changed the name to Yangon. He was the first Burmese king and the one who established the Konbaung Dynasty.
The seize of Yangon
The arrival of the British was more of a bane than a boon at first. A war broke out. Called the first Anglo-Burmese War, it lasted for two years, from 1824 to 1826. Burma won, and the government was given back to its people. In 1841, however, a huge fire destroyed a large portion of the city.
The Second Anglo-Burmese War happened in 1852, and the British took the victory this time. Since it was under the British empire, a lot of European modifications were performed in the city. The once-rural town became a booming political and commercial district. The delta lands and other undeveloped portions of the city, especially those located near the Pazundaung Creek and the Yangon River, were transformed into residential areas and suburbs in order to accommodate the growing population.
At the onset of the twentieth century, Yangon already had a hospital, a number of colleges and universities, contemporary buildings, and beautifully developed lakes and parks.
The independence of Yangon
After the Second World War, Burma achieved its independence. To display their nationalism, all road and park names were changed to Burmese ones—even Rangoon, which was given its old name, Yangon. By 1989, the military junta, who were then leading the government, applied several of these modifications. However, these were not really accepted by several Burmese people since they consider them unfit to do so.
New changes in Yangon
The country was isolated from the rest of the world during the rule of General Ne Win. Because of his policy, a lot of the colonial structures were not cared for properly and were deteriorating fast. It was only in the early parts of the 1990s that Burma, particularly Yangon, became more open to international markets. Soon there was influx of foreign and domestic investments. The old buildings were later destroyed in order to build newer and taller hotels, shopping centers, and offices.
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- Shwedagon Pagoda
travel tip by zangazanga posted more then 30 days ago
According to the legend, the pagoda is 2500 years old. But archaeologists say the it was built btw. the 6th and 10th century AD. Whatever the truth is, the Pagoda is wonderful. There are four entrances, the Southern one is guarded by...