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Wuhan History, China

 Wuhan, China is the Hubei province capital and is has the largest population in Central China.  It lies where the Yangtze and the Han River meet.  It was first established almost 3000 years ago and has always been a busy city.  During the 3rd century, one of the most famous military battles (the Battle of Red Cliffs) in the history of China took place near the cliffs near Wuhan. 

Wuhan opened to trade in 1861, right after the Second Opium War.  The British had finally received foreign trade rights in Hankou.  In 1898, Zhang Zhidong, the Governor-General, sought to bring great changes and began a program of education and industrial modernization.  He set up Wuchan to become a very modern, industrial city.  The Wuchan Uprising overthrew the Qing Dynasty and finally ended the imperial rule of the county.  When Japan threatened in 1927, the Kuomintang decided to move the central government to Wuhan. 

At the start of the Second World War in 1938, Wuhan was overtaken by Japan and it became the major logistics center for southern China.  Just a few years later in 1944, the city was almost completely destroyed by the United States.  The Chinese rebuilt their beloved city, only to civil unrest strike in 1967, commonly referred to as the Wuhan Incident.  This was the result of severe tension brought on by the Cultural Revolution.

This great city is a transportation hub for China.  It has dozens of roads, expressways, and railroads which pass through the city.  The First Yangtze River Bridge, constructed in 1957, finally gave Wuhan fast railroad access to the remainder of China. 

Today, Wuhan has a population of over 9.2 million people.  It has become recognized worldwide as the economic, financial, educational, and cultural center for central China. 

  
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  • eratoGuiyuan Si Monastery
    travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
    Guiyuang Si is the temple of the Original Tranquility, a very important Buddhist temple in China, located on the Cuiwei street. It was built in the architectural style of the Quing Dinasty from 1658. The building system is very...
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