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Ottawa History, Ontario

Ottawa is a city that is globally competent. It belongs to one of the world's technology and business centers. This city has an abundant historical and cultural heritage.  Now, let us look back to the beginnings of Ottawa and we will see how it became this successful. 

Early Settlement  

Algonquin Indians or Kichesipprini are the first group of people who settled in Ottawa. After some years of living peacefully, the Algonquin Indians were driven away by the Iroquois Indians. Then French traders came in for fur barter. 

Mid 1700's to Early 1800's 

British began to govern over the area of Ottawa in 1759. However, United States' pioneers said the land was theirs. Philemon Wright and his group were the ones who posted the claim with the Ottawa River as their prospect.  This was because they saw the latter as an opportunity for vast amount of energy. 

When the war ended between Canada and the United States in 1812, the former decided to take an action regarding security by way of strengthening the communication between Montreal and the country's western section. As a result of this, the Rideau Canal was built. This waterway connects Montreal and Kingston passing through Ottawa.  Thirty years later, Ottawa became successful because of its forest industry. This gave way to the construction of factories, stores, schools and churches.  

Developing into Canada's Capital 

In 1857, Queen Victoria named Ottawa as the Capital of Canada from among its rivals - Montreal, Quebec City, Toronto and Kingston.  The construction of the new Parliament building was started at once and in 1866, the Centre, East and West Blocks were completed. 

Ottawa was not as beautiful back then as it is today. The Rideau Canal was full of wastes and debris. However, after some sprucing up and redevelopment of the parks, the city became worthy of being called Canada's Capital. 

Fall and Rise of Ottawa 

Two great fires struck the city of Ottawa. The first fire was in 1900 which started in hull but was diffused by the wind into the city devastating a big area leaving thousands of people homeless. The other fire struck in 1916. It began in the Centre Block's Parliamentary Reading Room bringing everything into ashes and taking away seven lives. However, the building of the new Parliament structure started in no time and it was finished in 1922. The new one has the original's Gothic Revival Style.

Ottawa Today 

After that event, fortunately, the city did not see more devastation. Now, Ottawa presents cultural activities for the world to see. It is also a home to a number of orchestras, museums and galleries. It became one of the most sought after tourist spots wherein you can learn Canada's History starting from the ancient time until the contemporary age.  

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  • marius_fNational Gallery of Canada
    travel tip by marius_f posted more then 30 days ago
    The national Gallery of Canada is an amazing art collection. The building of the gallery will catch you at first sight, it is a piece of art with its all-glass, statue-like structure. The inside is even more breathtaking with the...
  • JohanAboriginal Experiences
    travel tip by Johan posted more then 30 days ago
    Aboriginal Experience Center was indeed a great experience. Best thing is that you don't have to go deep into the country to experience and learn about the many native cultures as the Center is right there in Ottawa. They provide all...
  • IvanCanadian Museum of Civilisation
    travel tip by Ivan posted more then 30 days ago
    The Canadian Museum of Civilization is located on the northern part of the Ottawa river. There are plenty of great exhibitions, both temporary and permanent, of course. The exhibition about the lives of Inuit and Native people are...
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Ottawa City Ratings

  • Rating66%
    City Rank261
  • History & Culture: rated for 70%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 80%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 60%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 70%
  • Food: rated for 70%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 60%
  • Shopping: rated for 60%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 60%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 70%
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