travelgrove Travel Guides

Chicago History, Illinois

The site where Chicago stands had long been considered as an important portage point on the water route linking the Great Lakes with the Mississippi river.  Aside from this important fact, there are a lot of interesting things you need to know about the events that made the city even more popular to a lot of individuals - locals and tourists as well.  Its history is as rich as other cities’ history in the United States.  Important people and occasions are notable for its existence.

Pullman Era

The name George Pullman certainly rings a bell.  He was famous for starting a luxury car.  He is also remembered for a neighborhood in Illinois and regarded as an industrialist in the area.  He was born as a New Yorker in 1831.  After 28 years, in the year 1859, Pullman transferred to Chicago and started building his dream there.  He was able to build the utopian worker community which resulted in one of the greatest disputes in Chicago making the ideal and perfect situation end.

Chicago Fire

The year 1871 was a very dry hot summer for Chicago.  It was a Sunday evening dated October 8, 1871 when a fire broke out at around 9:00 PM.  It was a barn behind the home of then couples Patrick and Catherine O’Leary.  The fire is actually associated with O’Leary’s cow. 

The Great Chicago Fire was considered one of the most tragic points in the history of Chicago.  The fact that firefighters were sent to a wrong neighborhood lead the fire to crumble up the walls of wooden houses and other properties found near the area.  It even reached the north and the east of DeKoven Street leaving a lot of infrastructures to ashes.  This left the city embarked to a rebuilding program replacing wooden buildings with stone.  They even created the first modern fire department in America.

World’s Columbian Exposition

In the year 1890, around 19 years after the tragedy, Chicago was one of the chosen cities to hold the World’s Columbian Exposition.  It was a close fight with other chosen cities such as St. Louis, Washington DC and New York.  On April 25, 1890, President Benjamin Harrison signed the act making Chicago the foregrounds of the exposition.  It took three years of preparation before the event finally took place on May 1, 1893.  The exposition lasted for almost six months ending on October 30 of the same year.

Century of Progress

The 100th anniversary of Chicago’s incorporation was held in the year 1933 which the locals named as A Century of Progress Chicago International Exposition.  They basically included in this event the importance of scientific inventions and discoveries as well as the methods of how to achieve them.  The process was introduced to the public by means of making miniature replicas of their propositions.

Indeed, Chicago is rich in cultural heritages making it one of the most commendable cities of all times.  Despite all the tragedies that passed by, they were able to stand up as one community.  Up to these days, they uphold each part of their history embracing them as present day motivators.

Ask our travel experts a question about Chicago

Things about Chicago you may be interested in


Read our members' reviews about Chicago

  • ShawnosaurusCemitas Puebla
    review by Shawnosaurus posted more then 30 days ago
    If you're in Chicago, have any ability to move around, and love Mexican food, then you should try Cemitas Puebla. It's not a fancy place by any means, but they serve fantastically tasty food. Definitely try the namesake Cemitas! They come in a variety of flavours and are a delicious...
  • mohds2Curiosities about Chicago
    review by mohds2 posted more then 30 days ago
    The structures of today's Chicago were laid out by a number of the most important architects reconstructing the metropolis after the Great Fire. Daniel Burnham planned the primary visionary of urban diagram for a city, the 1909 Chicago plan. It was nicknamed 'Paris on the Prairie' and built-in...
view all

Read our members' travel tips about Chicago

  • blackangel_66Buckingham Fountain
    travel tip by blackangel_66 posted more then 30 days ago
    Buckingham Fountain is, I think, one of the best things about Chicago. It was built by Kate Buckingham in 1927 in the memory of her brother. It is in Grant park and is the most amazing during the night, when the lights are the most...
  • stefFrank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
    travel tip by stef posted more then 30 days ago
    Frank Lloyd Wright was a revolutionary architect. His former studio was turned into a museum. The house was restored into its 1909 state when Wright lived and worked in it. It is now open for the public. I think Wright was a genius....
  • blackangel_66The Art Institute of Chicago
    travel tip by blackangel_66 posted more then 30 days ago
    The Art Institute has got a very nice art collection whech can be seen permanently. Apart from that they have great exhibitions. My favorite one, when I was there was the African and Amerindian collection. There are a lot of items...
view all


Members Who Have Been to Chicago

Community Galleries About Chicago

Browse our members' Chicago galleries to get a better impression of the place
show alladd gallery
the best travel deals provided by TravelZoo...
  •$83Spirit Airlines flightSpirit Airlines
    Miami, FL (MIA)  Chicago, IL (ORD)
    06/05/2024 05:55 am
    Chicago, IL (ORD)  Miami, FL (MIA)
    06/13/2024 09:24 am
  •$93Spirit Airlines flightSpirit Airlines
    Boston, MA (BOS)  Chicago, IL (ORD)
    06/24/2024 06:30 am
    Chicago, IL (ORD)  Boston, MA (BOS)
    07/04/2024 09:10 pm
  •$98Spirit Airlines flightSpirit Airlines
    New York, NY (LGA)  Chicago, IL (ORD)
    06/06/2024 08:10 pm
    Chicago, IL (ORD)  New York, NY (LGA)
    06/20/2024 11:24 am

Chicago City Ratings

  • Rating78%
    City Rank163
  • History & Culture: rated for 90%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 90%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 60%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 40%
  • Food: rated for 90%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 90%
  • Shopping: rated for 90%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 80%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 80%
   Welcome to Travelgrove  register tell a friend bookmark it