London History, United Kingdom
Visitors from around the world are magnetized by the city’s magnificent architectural structure and rich history. Being a major financial capital and center of commerce, music, fashion trends, entertainment and music is what makes London an all-year tourist destination. In visiting London, you’ll see the world’s distinguished Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, British Airways London Eye and double-decker buses.
Let’s try to have a glimpse of the City’s history to better understand what makes it so fascinating and interesting.
This 2,000-year old city was once a small Roman settlement on the banks of Thames. Many Paleolithic flints and Mesolithic axes were found by Archaeologists in various parts of London.
Thames being a multicultural city of over seven million inhabitants is a result of the many invaders who came to the Thames. The Romans were the first group who established the first permanent settlement, a city they called Londinium, in 43 A.D. Londinium was soon burnt to the ground because of the uprisings led by Queen Boudicca in 60 or 61 A.D. London's position lead to more invasions.
Christianity, which was introduced by the Romans, shaped so much of London’s history. In fact, the first St. Paul’s Cathedral was built in 604 A.D. in London. King Edward the Confessor moved his court to Westminster Abbey, thus enhancing the city’s importance. King William was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1066. He made the Tower of London which he used as his home and fortress. London Bridge, made of stone, was built in 1476.
Medieval London was so brutal because of the Black Plague or the Black Death. It appeared in 1348, and repeated its outbreak in 1665. Not all of London’s mishaps lead futile. The Great Fire of 1666 was the start of London’s healing and reconstruction.
From 1837-1901, Queen Victoria reigned. For some, it was a city of wealth yet at the same time a city of colossal poverty because of its growing population from 1 to 6 million in 100 years.
London was shaped by two world wars in the 20th Century. Many monuments were then built as remembrance of the many people who perished in the Great War from 1914-1918. These wars led to many immigrants coming in from different countries and together with European Jews they found shelter in London during the 30s, thus contributing to the city’s multi-ethnic makeup.
This is how London came to be a multicultural community. These people made a huge contribution to the city’s development and technological advancement.
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Read our members' reviews about London
- London is the best place to visit
review by bicska posted more then 30 days ago
I am sure I am not alone with the feeling that London is the best city ever and anywhere... Well I really love that capital city and only because I spent there one of the best weeks in my life, but because that city is alive and you can feel that on your own. The first thing is to go too see the...
- Visiting European capitals
review by bicska posted more then 30 days ago
if you would like to travel in Europe, this could be a nice idea for you: from London to Rome(London, Paris, Bern, Rome) in 20 days! A few tips: 1) with a group of 8, I would start working on accomodations... though you didn't say when you'll be traveling. If you're staying 5-6 days in each city,...
- The attractions of London
review by lindamura posted more then 30 days ago
Visit London. London, one of the world's greatest cities, offers a bountiful array of attractions and activities. For those intrigue with the royals, to the adventure seeker, to those who want to take in all the major museums and attractions this city can satisfy your every request. For...
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- The Tower
travel tip by Guinevere1988 posted more then 30 days ago
The Tower of London is one of the most interesting and the oldest buildings in London. You can get there with the tube, you just have to get off t the Tower Bridge station. You can take a walk around the Tower for free. You can also go...
- Haunted Theatre
travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
Drury Lane Royal Theatre is heaven for those who love theatre. The building is breathtaking from the inside, so elegant and magnificent. You feel special, when you are inside. Drury Lane is also famous for being haunted, the Grey Man...
- British Museum
travel tip by danpop posted more then 30 days ago
If you don't want or you don't have so much money to spend while visiting London, you should check out British Museum. Except exhibitions that are charged, the visit to the museum is free. The museum is opened daily, between 10 AM and 5...
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