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London History, United Kingdom

Visitors from around the world are magnetized by the city’s magnificent architectural structure and rich history.  Being a major financial capital and center of commerce, music, fashion trends, entertainment and music is what makes London an all-year tourist destination.  In visiting London, you’ll see the world’s distinguished Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, British Airways London Eye and double-decker buses. 

 Let’s try to have a glimpse of the City’s history to better understand what makes it so fascinating and interesting.

This 2,000-year old city was once a small Roman settlement on the banks of Thames.  Many Paleolithic flints and Mesolithic axes were found by Archaeologists in various parts of London.

Thames being a multicultural city of over seven million inhabitants is a result of the many invaders who came to the Thames.  The Romans were the first group who established the first permanent settlement, a city they called Londinium, in 43 A.D.  Londinium was soon burnt to the ground because of the uprisings led by Queen Boudicca in 60 or 61 A.D.  London's position lead to more invasions. 

 Christianity, which was introduced by the Romans, shaped so much of London’s history.  In fact, the first St. Paul’s Cathedral was built in 604 A.D. in London.  King Edward the Confessor moved his court to Westminster Abbey, thus enhancing the city’s importance. King William was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1066.  He made the Tower of London which he used as his home and fortress.  London Bridge, made of stone, was built in 1476.

Medieval London was so brutal because of the Black Plague or the Black Death.  It appeared in 1348, and repeated its outbreak in 1665.  Not all of London’s mishaps lead futile.  The Great Fire of 1666 was the start of London’s healing and reconstruction. 

From 1837-1901, Queen Victoria reigned.  For some, it was a city of wealth yet at the same time a city of colossal poverty because of its growing population from 1 to 6 million in 100 years.

London was shaped by two world wars in the 20th Century.  Many monuments were then built as remembrance of the many people who perished in the Great War from 1914-1918.  These wars led to many immigrants coming in from different countries and together with European Jews they found shelter in London during the 30s, thus contributing to the city’s multi-ethnic makeup. 

This is how London came to be a multicultural community.  These people made a huge contribution to the city’s development and technological advancement.

 
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  • bicskaLondon is the best place to visit
    review by bicska posted more then 30 days ago
    I am sure I am not alone with the feeling that London is the best city ever and anywhere... Well I really love that capital city and only because I spent there one of the best weeks in my life, but because that city is alive and you can feel that on your own. The first thing is to go too see the...
  • diana_ciocoiuTop things to do in London
    review by diana_ciocoiu posted more then 30 days ago
    Top things to do in London London is a city where you can not bother, so try to visit as many things as you can and have fun. 1. Buckingham Palace: Today is the official Residence of the queen with 775 rooms. Buckingham Palace is a symbol and also a house of british monarchy, an art gallery...
  • cipristbWhat to know about the Buckingham Palace
    review by cipristb posted more then 30 days ago
    Buckingham Palace was built in 1703 and was expanded in 1761, with a total of 600 rooms is the official residence of the British monarchy since 1837. Ever since Queen Victoria moved here brought the custom to fly the flag on the building as a sign that the king or queen is inside. Since 1990 the...
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Read our members' travel tips about London


  • Guinevere1988Victoria and Albert Museum
    travel tip by Guinevere1988 posted more then 30 days ago
    The Victoria and Albert Museum is not only famous for the art displayed in its halls but also for the majesty of the building and the great architecture of it. It is a very diverse museum it covers many fields. There are great pieces...
  • eratoHaunted Theatre
    travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
    Drury Lane Royal Theatre is heaven for those who love theatre. The building is breathtaking from the inside, so elegant and magnificent. You feel special, when you are inside. Drury Lane is also famous for being haunted, the Grey Man...
  • Guinevere1988Free Museums
    travel tip by Guinevere1988 posted more then 30 days ago
    It is fantastic that the museums in London are free. British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History, Victoria and Albert are only a few of those that you can visit free of charge. They are wonderful, but don't forget that the museums...
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London City Ratings

  • Rating88%
    City Rank96
     
  • History & Culture: rated for 93%
  • Night Life & Entertainment: rated for 97%
  • Family & Fun: rated for 83%
  • Outdoors Activities: rated for 77%
  • Food: rated for 89%
  • Sightseeing: rated for 94%
  • Shopping: rated for 75%
  • Public Transportation: rated for 93%
  • Must visit this place: rated for 95%
  
 
 
 
  
 
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