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Busan History, South Korea

The city of Busan is also famous by the name of Pusan in the country of South Korea. This port city of Busan is also the largest of the port cities in South Korea and the second largest city in terms of population after the capital city Seoul.

A rough mountain which is located right in the center of Busan was the reason behind the name which the city had received in its early years. The same area was famous by the name of Geochilsan - guk during the 2nd and the 3rd centuries. This was the name in use during the rule of Jinhan chiefdom. Then came Silla, which was one of the 3 famous kingdoms of Korea. This region went under the control of Silla and was renamed Geochilsan - gun. In both these names, Geochilsan referred to the rough mountains which are located right in the center of Busan.

Many goods buried along with historical graves have been found by archeologists in the area of Bokcheon - dong. These goods are known as grave goods in the language of an archeologist. These grave goods date back to 300 and 400 AD thus indicating that various rulers had started to control the city of Busan one after the other. This was the time when the three kingdoms of Korea were taking shape and hence it indicates how they had started to rule the city of Busan.

The areas around the place where these goods were found are known today by the name of Yeonje - gu and Dongnae - gu. Around 250 weapons and multiple ingots were excavated from these burial sites.

The area of Geochilsan - gun was finally named as Dongnae by the year 757. Later during the 15th century, many Japanese settlements started to enter the city of Busan as the government of Korea had given the status of trading point with Japan to the city of Busan. The Japanese settlement called as Waegwan continued till the invasion of Korea by Japan somewhere in 1592.

Electricity was introduced in the city of Japan in 1924 before this steam tramway was used as mode of transport in Busan. This city of Busan did experience exponential growth during the period when it was under the control of Japan.

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Busan City Ratings

  • Rating40%
    City Rank368
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