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Bangalore History, India

City History

The rivers near Tianjin played a great role in its history. For one, it’s because of the sedimentation of the Yellow River and its tributaries that the land was formed. The rivers, moreover, became one of the bustling ports of long-ago China, which elevated Tianjin to being one of the commercial capitals at that time.

The development of Tianjin

The Sui dynasty saw the creation of China’s Grand Canal, prompting Tianjin to become one of the trading centers of the country. It was also because of this that it was nicknamed Zhigu, which means “Straight Port.” Later, in 1404, Emperor Yongle changed its name to Tianjin, which means Heavenly Ford.

A fort was built by the nephew of the emperor, and by 1725, it was already a prefecture.

The arrival of foreigners

The port also provided convenience for several foreigners, who saw the vast opportunities they can get out of China. The open seas and rivers allowed them access to silk and other products the country was well-known for. Though they brought with them foreign influences, which eventually helped improve the living condition of the city, there was no peace.

There were numerous incidents that happened including the Tianjin Church incident. In June 1870, a church established by the French missionaries was accused of kidnapping, improper burial of bodies of Chinese children, and neglect. This led to a showdown between Christian supporters of the church and the non-converted residents of Tianjin. However, it turned out bloody, and various Western nations complained to the existing Chinese government in that era. China paid for the incident.

Fall of Tianjin

By July 30, 1937, Tianjin was under the control of the Japanese because of the Second Sino-Japanese War, though there were still portions of it that remained unoccupied. The rest was later conquered, though, during the early parts of the Second World War. By then, the Japanese had already occupied the concessions of the Americans and the British.

When the war ended, Tianjin was transformed into an American base. But the American army eventually pulled out in June 1947 following a massive protest of Tianjin students against the rape of their colleague by an American. By January 15, 1949, Communists took over the capital, and Tianjin became part of the China municipality.

The opening of China to the rest of the world in the 1970s benefited Tianjin greatly. It experienced massive economic growth, though its success still pales in comparison with that of Beijing and Shanghai.

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