Valencia Travel Guide, Venezuela
Valencia (the capital of Carabobo State) comes in number three as per population amongst all the cities of Venezuela. Population of Valencia was around 1.5 million as per the consensus of 2003 and forecast was that the population will jump exponentially in the coming years. Valencia is the hub of many famous industries thus making it an important city for Carabobo State as well as for Venezuela.
Valencia is situated in the central valley and it is covered by natural boundaries on all sides. Lake Valencia (which is the second largest lake of Venezuela) lies on the eastern side of the city, mountains lie on the north-eastern and the western side of the city, Venezuela grasslands (called as Llanos) cover the city from the South, and the rest of the region is covered by a mountain range which was named the Coastal Range (its official name being Cordillera de la Costa).
The municipality of Valencia is made up of many parishes like: Parroquia Urbana Miguel Peña, Parroquia Urbana Catedral, Parroquia Urbana El Socorro, Parroquia Urbana Candelaria, Parroquia Urbana San Blas, Parroquia Urbana Santa Rosa, Parroquia Urbana San José, and Parroquia Urbana Rafael Urdaneta.
Valencia experiences warm climate due to its closeness to the sea and due to its latitude. The average temperature of Valencia is around 26 degrees Celsius. The yearly maximum temperature can reach 32 degrees Celsius while the yearly minimum temperature can reach 18 degrees Celsius.
Captain Alonso Díaz Moreno founded Valencia on 25 March 1555. It has been observed that locals are very proud of the unique date (as the digit five appears four times in this date). Valencia was the first Spanish settlement of that time in Venezuela. Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Nueva Valencia del Rey was the first official name of Valencia in those times.
French pirates are documented to have raided the city in 1677. These pirates burned down the City Hall and, due to this incident, Valencia lost many documents which were a proof of Venezuela and its history. Alexander von Humboldt, a German scientist, once visited the city and he estimated the population of Valencia to be around 7000. This was one of the first population estimates for Valencia.
There are many art centers, parks and museums in the city which attract a huge number of visitors every year. The network of roads and highways which connect the city to rest of the country is one more reason why tourists keep pouring in.
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