Stockholm Travel Guide, Sweden
Stockholm is home to all that makes the country of Sweden run. In here, you can find the most important banks and structures of the Swedish government: the Parliament and the monarch of the country. Stockholm has held the role of Sweden’s political and economic centre for over 800 years.
With Stockholm housing 21% of the entire Swedish population, a national census in 2008 has calculated the number people of living in the city of Stockholm to be over 802,000.
History and etymology
The foundation of the capital of Stockholm is credited to a 13th-century political leader in Sweden named Birger Jarl, who saw that Sweden was in threat of invasion by the sea and judged that a fortification was needed to prevent that from happening. Thus, Stockholm was born. The name is testimony to its original role as a fortification: “Stock” could either mean “log” or “fortification” while “holm” means islet. Taken together, Stockholm means island fortification to reflect what Birger Jarl had in thought when he built the city.
Stockholm has served as major centre for the country of Sweden since the 13th century. Historical documents first mentioned Stockholm in 1252. At this time, Stockholm served as an important trading center for iron.
Besides being a major hub of trade, Stockholm is also important to Swedish history. Several historical events also occurred in Stockholm, including the horrifying bloodbath that took place on November 8, 1520. It was in the city where the Danish king Christian II killed a huge number of those opposing him and his dominance of the Kalmar Union among Sweden, Finland, and Demark. The Swedish people rebelled and broke up the Kalmar Union as a result of the massacre.
Being the capital, Stockholm holds majority of the industry of Sweden. Despite being a major trade hub, Stockholm is surprisingly clean. This is because the prominent industry in Stockholm is the service trade, and no heavy industry has its base in the city. The Swedish technology industry also has its home in Stockholm with companies such as IBM, Ericsson, and Electrolux having operations in the metropolis.
Stockholm is also home to several major financial institutions of the world. These include the Stockholm Stock Exchange and insurance companies like Skandia and Trygg-Hansa.
Stockholm’s tourism industry has also recently experienced a boom in the past 17 years. As of 2004, annual overnight stays in the city have totaled 7.7 million. This is a sharp rise from the 4 million a year recorded in 1991.
Things about Stockholm you may be interested in
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Read our members' reviews about Stockholm
- Stockholm excursion to the Vasa Museum
review by miacolley posted more then 30 days ago
If you ever go to Stockholm, Sweden, try to have one of your excursions at the Vasa Museum.It is a famous tourist attraction place where you will see the Original Vasa Battleship that sank just 20 minutes on its first voyage 380 years ago. It was only recovered 47 years ago. The reason why it...
Read our members' travel tips about Stockholm
- Skansen open-air museum
travel tip by erato posted more then 30 days ago
It is definitely a must if you are in the area. The museum and the city zoo are together, it's a perfect family program as well. The Skansen Museum is a miniature model of the medieval Stockholm. 150 houses and other buildings were...
Members Who Have Been to Stockholm
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