Mioveni History, Romania
Mioveni, History – Early Times
The area in which Mioveni is set, has been dwelled since ancient times, and encouraged the development of the Geto - Dacian establishments which became in time strong economic centers for the commercial trade between the populations located in northern and southern part of the Carpathians, and also between the Dacians and the Getai. These places are the cradle of the centralized feudalism, Seneslau having established its royal court in Arges County. The Roman nobles also established here so the cities developed and became strong commercial and cultural centers.
Mioveni, History – Medieval Times
Mioveni history is 500 years old, being mentioned for the first time in a document in 1485. Its name comes from a local noble called Mihu hence the locals were called at first “mihoveni“ and then the name changes into Mioveni. The first historical clues go back to the beginnings of the social-human development, fact proved by the tools made from polished rocks found in the surrounding area and also ceramics from the Bronze Age. The XVI century remained in the local history due to the fact that the first document written in Romanian has been preserved since then and the painter who made the exterior frescoes from Curtea de Arges Monastery finished his works. The XVII century marked an important point in the cultural life once with the printing of the first Romanian book which was a moral philosophic one and the establishment of a Romanian Princely School but where children from all social levels could study. In this troubled period these lands were ruled by Constantin Brancoveanu. Numerous occupations followed beginning with the Austrian one, followed by the tartar and Hungarian one.
Mioveni, History – Modern Times
The XIX century is marked by the execution of Tudor Vladimirescu, the leader of the 1821 revolution, the beginning of “The Literary Society’s” activity as a wide program of promoting the Romanian culture, the establishment of the first rural schools with a period of study of four years and the 1848 revolution. For the first years of the First World War Romania remained neutral but in August 1916 declares war to Austro-Hungary. From October 1916 the entire county fell under Austro-Hungarian and German occupation, this lasted until November 1918.
The 1 December 1918 Great Unity between the Romanian principalities brought a lot of joy to the locals. Popular meetings were held and people talked about the Romanian people’s secular fight for unity.
During Second World War locals have brought their contribution to the annihilation of the German troops from the area. After freeing the Romanian territory, locals have fought in Hungary for the freedom of two Hungarian cities and in Czechoslovakia for the freedom of Zvolen and other areas.
Until 1989, Mioveni was called Colibasi and it wasn’t a city yet but only a village. On the 19 April 1989, this village became a town, and in 1996 the name became Mioveni.
Nowadays Mioveni continues the tradition of its ancestors, developing economy, agriculture and population services but also spiritual life, maintaining itself as a distinct area in Arges County, like a bridge between past, present and future, between Romania and Europe. With its strong economy, human potential and significant natural resources, the city is set among the first cities in the country, like Timisoara and Constanta, in matters of economic growth and has real perspectives to continue its development in a fast rhythm, in all fields of social life.
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