Constanta Sights and Landmarks Guide, Romania
Constanta Sights – The Story of Constanta City-Port
The history of the city is closely related to the history of its port. Along the centuries, the city has been flourishing and today it is the largest sea port in Romania and the fourth largest port in Europe as well. Its two satellite ports at Midia and Mangalia are also part of the Romanian maritime port system.The city is close to the capital Bucharest and to Varna, Bulgaria
Constanta Sights – Interesting Sites for Visiting
The main goal of this Constanta Sights guide is to take you into a virtual sightseeing tour of this splendid old town which still preserves the charm of its past. Along its past, the city of Constanta was under various dominations which let their own fingerprints on the city’s appearance, architecture and buildings.
The National History & Archaeology Museum, located in the Ovid’s Square, exhibits a large impressive collection of Greek and Roman artifacts, as well as an imposing collection of exhibits and photos to illustrate the history and culture of Dobrogea region since ancient times.
The Archaeology Park completes the exhibits as being also part of the museum. Located down the Republic’s Avenue, it shows open air columns and mortuary stones during Roman times as well as fragments of Roman buildings and the 6th century old tower.
The Roman Mosaics Edifice is an extended complex on three levels located next to the National Museum which used to link the upper town to the harbor. About a third of the original edifice is still preserved nowadays. It is known that it used to be the commercial centre of the city, housing shops, warehouses and workshops.
The statue of Ovidius Publius Naso, the famous Roman poet who was exiled in the city of Tomis in the year of 8 AD by the Emperor Augustus for unknown reasons, stands in the middle of the eponymous square. It was designed by Ettore Ferrari, an Italian sculptor, in 1887 to render homage to the famous poet.
The Genoese Lighthouse rises 26 feet tall to honor the Genoese merchants, who dominated the Black Sea during the 13th century when the city flourished as a sea trade center at that time. The lighthouse was built in 1860.
Not far away from Ovid’s Square, in a narrow street, the Great Mahmudiye Mosque lies as the seat of the Mufti, the spiritual leader of about 55,000 Turks and Tatars living in the region of Dobrogea. Built in 1910, the mosque combines Romanian and Byzantine architecture. The main piece inside is its large Persian carpet, woven in Turkey and sent as a gift from Sultan Abdul Hamid, which is supposed to be the largest carpet in Europe. The major attraction of the mosque is the minaret tower. There are 140 steps to climb up to its top from where a splendid view of the old city and harbor can be admired. It is the place where the muezzin calls the Muslims to prayer 5 times a day.
The Hunchiar Mosque, was built as the first reinforced concrete building in Romania between 1867 – 1868, using sandstones from a former bridge. It is still the most impressive building on Tomis Boulevard.
The most stunning architectural jewel is the Great Casino, built during the interwar times, right on the sea shore, and features art nouveau architecture style, providing a wonderful view of the sea. The promenade around the Casino is preferred by all types of pedestrians while having a quiet stroll especially at sunset.
The Aquarium is located opposite the Casino and houses the largest collection of sturgeons as well as more than 50 other representative species of fish and sea creatures.
The Dolphinarium and the Planetarium as well as an open air Micro Delta reservation also consist some of the most visited sites in Constanta. The Dolphinarium offers 30-minute shows every day so as to entertain the audience. The stars are the two sea lions, John and Lorry, and Mark, the dolphin.
Constanta also offers entertaining day trips to the seaside resorts alongside the Black Sea’s shore as well as to the picturesque Danube Delta. Histria Fortress, on the shores of Lake Sinoe, is also one of the tourist destinations for those interested in Greek-Roman ruins and antique culture. Lake Sinoe represents the most beautiful lagoons in the region as well.
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