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Hyderabad History, Pakistan

Hyderabad is a great historical city in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.  It is one of the largest cities of Pakistan. Previously it was known as Neroon Kot. The history of Hyderabad dates back to few thousand years.  A famous place Ganjo Takker was used to worship.  Ganjo Takker was located east to the Indus River.  Previously, Hyderabad was a center of trade and all communications in the province of Sindh. Ornaments, silk, gold, silver and many other things were traded by using the routes of Hyderabad.  

Initially, it was a small fishing village. When Hindu ruler Neroon came to this he built a worship place known as Ganjo Takker. Ganjo Takker was used as a religious place for many years. In 711, this region was attacked by Islamic armies circa. The locals were surrendered and Neroon was seized. In 711, Muhammad Bin Qasim attacked this reached this area. By the mid-712, Arab Muslims taken over all regions, which is now called the Sindh Province.

The Muslims conquest resulted into the general of Mughal Empire. Mughal rulers ruled over the whole sub continent for many years.  In the mid 17th century, Nadir Shaw of Iran invaded the Mughal Empire. Due to this invasion, Mughal dynasty became weaker in the Sindh region and the Governor Yar Muhammad Khan Kalhora became the ruler of Sindh.  

He belonged to the most affluent tribe of Sindh called Kalhora tribe. Around 1757 due to heavy monsoon rains and periodic floods, River Indus changed its course.  Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhora decided to change his capital to a better place.  

The city of Hyderabad was founded on the site of f Neroon Kot.  In 1843, Hyderabad was surrendered to the British. Hyderabad was named after Prophet Muhammad’s Son-in-Law Hazrat Ali. The city of Hyderabad was much loved and admired by the ruler Ghulam Shaw. In 1766, he ordered to build a fort to protect and defend his people.  The name of the port was Pacco Qillo. It was completed in 1768.  After the death of Ghulam Shaw, Hyderabad came into the Talpur Rule.

Pacco Qillo was served as a residence for the Talpur rulers. The Talpur rulers faced a major threat from the British Empire. After a deadly battle, the city of Hyderabad came into the hands of the British. After the city captured by the British, Most of the building were demolished.  Before independence in 1947, the city of Hyderabad was dominated by both Muslim and Hindu population.

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