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Bahawalpur History, Pakistan

Bahawalpur is situated near Cholistan desert in the south of Punjab province.  It is also known as a princely state of Pakistan. The city of Bahawalpur is stretching to the banks of Satluj and Indus River. Nawab Bahawal Khan Abbasi I was the founder of Bahawalpur. The state of Bahawalpur became a part of Pakistan after independence. It was merged in Pakistan in 1954.

The state of Bahawalpur was ruled by the Abbasi family for more than 200 years. The rulers of Bahawalpur were also called Amir later the title change to Nawab.  Amirs were also assisted by the Prime Ministers. Archeological findings indicate that this area has a very long history.

The ruling family of Bahawalpur came from Sindh and claims to be the descent from the Abbasid Khalifs. Nawab Muhammad Bahawalpur Khan II opened a mint in Bahawalpur with the permission of Shah Mahmud of Kabul.

Bahawalpur has a history to be ruled by Nawabs. In the British Raj, the Nawab of Bahawalpur handed over the whole state of Bahawalpur in the British Hands.

The misgovernment and cruelty of Nawabs led to the insurrections in 1863 against Nawabs.  The rebellion against nawabs was crushed by the armed forces. But in 1866, Nawab of Bahawalpur died out of having been poisoned. After his death, his son Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV succeeded him and took control of the whole state of Bahawalpur.

The city of Bahawalpur is home to many historical monuments and buildings. Bahawalpur Museum features an array of objects and collectibles from different ages and Empire. These objects and antiques reflect the history of Bahawalpur. The main objective of Bahawalpur museum is to preserve Socio-Cultural Heritage.

Bahawalpur museum features a number of galleries including archeological gallery, regional cultural gallery, Cholistan gallery, Quran gallery, Coin gallery, Pakistan movement gallery, coin gallery and Quran gallery. Bahawalpur museum is a must see place for those who want to explore the history and culture of Bahawalpur.  Bahawalpur museum features historical photographs. These photos reflect the history and culture of Mughal Empire, British and Sikhs Raj.

After independence Bahawalpur played an important role in the development of country.  Many small and big agricultural and industrial units were established there. Most of the people were involved in the Agricultural industry.  Now people are having jobs in a variety of industries. Textile, chemicals and agriculture are amongst the most popular industries of the city.

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