Budapest History, Hungary
Budapest is a historical city of Hungry and was created with the unification of separate towns like Obuda, Pest and Buda in 1873. It is ranked among the most beautiful cities of the world. Budapest has vibrant culture and fascinating history.
The city is the geographic and transportation hub of Hungry. It is also known for its unique values of traditions, history and culture. The city is bisected by the River Danube and it is also known as the City of Spas. Budapest is divided into the 23 districts.
The area of Budapest has been inhabited from early times by the Celts in the 3rd century BC. In the Christian era, the town was conquered by the Romans who incorporated it in the Roman Empire. In 106, the town became the capital of province Pannonia.
From the eighth century, this region was inhabited by different tribes and ethnic groups. The archeological findings in this area indicate that this area was densely populated and it may have been a trading center for the people of different regions.
In the 9th century, the Hungarians appeared in this region. The Hungarians established their settlement in Csepel. They also established the seat of their prince near Danube River. The Mongols invaded Buda in 1241. The Castle of Buda was fortified in this period.
In the 13th century, Buda took over the major roles. Castles were enlarged and churches were reconstructed.
After the invasion of Tatars, significant fortification work began all over the country. During this period, the royal castle and the walled city were built on Castle Hill. In the middle ages, Budapest emerged as the economic and cultural center of the country and at the beginning of the sixteenth century the city reached its peak.
During this period, Hungary extended over a large territory and united with Poland and Lithuania. The rule of Hungarian crown extended from the Baltic to the Adriatic Sea. A strong Hungarian empire came into existence in Eastern Europe and Buda became the economical, political and cultural hub of the country.
The economic role of this region enhanced when the trades started here and linked Eastern and Western Europe. Greeks, Germans and Arabs were active participants in the trade.
Buda is greatly influenced by Italian Renaissance and its cultural role got significance during the reign of King Matthias.
In the eighteenth century, the population of the city continued to grow. In the nineteenth century, Buda witnessed major developments and economic boom.
Things about Budapest you may be interested in
Read our members' reviews about Budapest
- Must see the Tropicarium in Budapest
review by angel posted more then 30 days ago
There is a specially decorated and maintained part in the Tropicarium which is like a tropical rainforest (picture 10). Here in every 20 or 30 minutes a tropical storm begins which you can watch from inside of it. You can hear thunders and it starts to rain too. The air is really wet here and the...
- A trip to the Budapest Zoo
review by szbogi posted more then 30 days ago
After the wedding we stayed some days in Budapest. Zoli's brother is living and working here, so we had a cheap place to stay:) At this time Anita, a girl from the United States was staying at Zoli's brother as well. Her family and Zoli's family are friends for many years now. She came here alone...
- Five reasons to visit Budapest
review by lindamura posted more then 30 days ago
Budapest, the capital city of Hungary, is located on a beautiful side of the Danube and has two parts – Buda and Pest. Buda is the older part with medieval buildings; Pest is the commercial center, a beautiful blend of new and old satisfying holidaymakers of all ages. Because of its...
Read our members' travel tips about Budapest
- Memento Park
travel tip by Sayuri87 posted more then 30 days ago
It is a very bizarre place, a unique collection of Communist memories. You would see there giant Engels, Marx and Stalins and also memorials of the Communist Martyrs. As far as I know, this is the only museum of this kind in the world,...
- Synagogue and Jewish Museum
travel tip by Sayuri87 posted more then 30 days ago
The Great Synagogue is the largest in Europe. It is situated in Erzsebet Town, and built in Byzantine-Moorish style with beautiful arches and windows. The interior of the building is also wonderful and huge. My favorite was the...
- The Hungarian Parliament
travel tip by blackangel_66 posted more then 30 days ago
The Parliament of Hungary is one of the most beautiful parliaments in Europe so don't miss to visit it if you are in Budapest. The entrance is not very cheap, it is 20$ per person, but it really worth it. For that you get a 1.5 hour...
Members Who Have Been to Budapest
Community Galleries About Budapest
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