Larnaca History, Cyprus
The foundation for the city of Larnaca was laid by the famous ancient civilization Phoenicia. During those times, the city of Larnaca was named as Kition or Citium (in Latin). Another name, which was in use during those years, was Kittim which was actually derived from the name Citium. This word Kittim was being used by Jews for Romans and Greeks plus for the city of Cyprus on a whole. Generally, the city of Larnaca is also referred to as Skala which means landing stage or ladder. This name Skala refers to the historical status of this town as a major port city.
During historical years, Kition belonged to the famous Achaemenid Empire (which was the first Persian Empire that had ruled over major sections of Iran). It was 450 B.C. when the famous General of Athenian Army named Cimon died while fighting against the Persian Army. This war was held on the sea and Cimon was trying to defend the city of Citium when this major battle took place. The last few hours before his death Cimon had requested his army personals not to reveal the news of his death to his friends and his enemies. Same is the reason why he was considered victorious even when he died and the famous quote ‘Even in death he was victorious’ has since been used to refer to this famous king named Cimon. Even today, a statue of his stands on the famous promenade of Larnaca and attracts many tourists due to the stories attached to this ruler.
The city of Larnaca has many times been hit by various earthquakes. During the medieval times, the harbor of this city silted up due to heavy deforestation and overgrazing. This became a major reason for the population of this city to move towards the southern side of this city. As of today no harbor or citadel is present in the city, as they have totally disappeared. Traces of the famous circuit wall and the sanctuary which has terra - cotta offerings remain in the city as of today. Much of the important remains, which were of any financial importance, were looted by thieves.
You can start digging in any area of the city and we assure you that you will find the proof of old civilizations in this city.
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