What to know about Cairo, Egypt
Cairo, the largest city in Africa, is the capital of Egypt, has a population approximated at 15 million and covers an area of 453 square km. It is situated in the border of the river Nil at 161 km from the Mediterranean Sea at the edge of the desert.
Before the building of our days metropolis n that place there were always other smaller towns, but became a royal seat only in the eleventh century. The Sultan Saladin had the idea of surrounding the city with walls, so the city became the largest in the East. Europe has discovered Egypt due to Napoleon, who disturbed the atmosphere of a medieval city. Cairo has been modernized by Mohammed Ali, who gave it a new look.
The main attraction of this city is the National Museum of Egypt wich is located in Tahrir Square. Here are exposed over 100,000 archaeological objects, but the visitors main atractions are The Mummy Hall and the treasure Tuthankamon.
Things about Cairo you may be interested in
1. May 23, 2002 What to know about the Kheops Pyramid (Gizeh)
2. May 23, 2002 Luxor for first time visitors (Luxor)
3. May 25, 2002 What to know about Cairo (Cairo)
Start from beginning | 1 - 3 Journal overview
Read about Cairo in our travel-guide
Recommended Cairo Guide
In 969 AD, The city was built as the royal enclosure for the Fatimid caliphs. However, their actual economic and administrative capital was in Fustat, which is in close proximity to Cairo. When the locals destroyed Fustat in 1168 as prevention for its capture by the Crusaders, the administrative capital of Egypt moved to Cairo. General Jawhar Al Sikilli rebuilt Cairo within four years to fit as the new settlement for the Fatimid, Calif Al Muizz to the new Capital of Fatimid in Egypt. Fustat was a new city built as a military garrison for Arab troops because it was the closest central location to Arabia, which was accessible to the Nile.... Read more »
Recent reviews for Cairo
Luxor for first time visitors - Apr 30, 2009, by cipristb
Luxor is one of the oldest cities in the world, with over 7000 years old. It is situated on the border of the river Nil in the center of Egypt, in a fertile area, on the place of the huge capital of the New Empire, it is the city with 100... Read more »
What to know about the Kheops Pyramid - Apr 30, 2009, by cipristb
The Great Pyramid of Gizeh, is one of the seven wonders, the oldest and still the only one that survived the passage of time. Until the Eiffel Tower was built, this monument was the highest in the world for 43 centuries. Initially had a... Read more »
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