A Coruna History, Spain
A Coruña History is marked with great but also some unfortunate events. The city had a fluctuating state throughout its history which helped shape it to become the city it is today. Like Madrid History, it completed the facts in Spain’s existence.
A Coruña History – Roman Occupation
In the 2nd century Before Christ (BC), Roman colonizers occupied A Coruña and made the city a significant location for sea trading. At that time, the city was still known by the name Brigantium. Julius Caesar, a famous Roman historical figure, visited the city in 62 BC and instituted metal trade with places that are now recognized as France, England, and Portugal. By the 1st and 2nd century AD, A Coruña had developed into an industrialized city, but declined two centuries after.
A Coruña History – Middle Ages
Following the decline of the Roman Empire, A Coruña’s population was reduced to just laborers and sailors. Although a mercantile port still connected the village to other countries, it was not enough to save A Coruña from de-urbanization. It is not clear whether the Moors were able to occupy the village when they invaded the Iberian Peninsula since there is no evidence to this event.
In the 9th century like other coastal cities and villages in Europe, A Coruña was not able to escape the attacks of the Vikings. Defensive military sites were built on the coast in 991 to protect the city from invaders. During the reign of Alfonso IX, A Coruña prospered in fishing and commercial business. The city expanded up to the isthmus.
A Coruña History – Modern Age
During this period, A Coruña became a significant port and flourished in the production of textiles. To defend the city and its port, the Castle of San Anton was built.
A Coruña History – 19th Century
On January 16 1809, the city of A Coruña became the location of the Battle of Corunna that happened during the Peninsular War. During the Spanish Independence War, A Coruña was the only city in Galicia that was not conquered by the French army. It was also during this century that the city became the core of anti-monarchist demonstrations.
In 1804, another great event in A Coruña History took place. The National Factory of Cigarettes was established. The sea and migration industries attracted citizens from countries such as Belgium, France, and England and gave A Coruña’s economy a boost. Following this, the Bank of A Coruña was founded.
A Coruña History – 20th Century
Perhaps one of the most devastating incidents in A Coruña during the 20th century was when 13 locals were murdered by the Nazis in Mathausen. This happened during World War II. Also, during this time, it was reported that a German U-Boat sunk near the city.
In 1983, A Coruña experienced democracy once again after being led by dictators. The new government allocated its services to the people and the rest of the city. Today, A Coruña flourishes as an urbanized and industrialized city of Galicia. It sails the same boat that brought Zaragoza History to what it is now.
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