Lublin History, Poland
Lublin is a contender for the 2016 title of European Capital of Culture. Before this memorable event though, there are a number of things to take note of in Lublin History.
Lublin History – First Settlement
Based on archaeological studies, Lublin was already inhabited before the early Middle Ages. However, the first most important settlement in the area commenced during the 6th century. The hill found in Czwartek suburb is where this settlement was formed. By the 10th and 11th centuries, this community grew as a significant trading center. Add to this, Lublin’s strategic location paved the way for its military magnitude. The first defense on the area was constructed in the 8th century. As the territory expanded, the Czwartek settlement declined and lost its importance.
Lublin History – Medieval Era
The oldest document mentioning the name Lublin dates back to 1198. Several decades after, the castle in the area became the seat of a Castellan. Afterwards, Lublin became the aim of many attacks by neighboring tribes. In 1317, it obtained a city charter. King Wladyslaw Jagiello granted a significant trade privilege to the city in 1392 and after the reconciliation between Poland and Lithuania, Lublin grew to be a notable trade center.
Lublin History – Renaissance Period
During the Renaissance period, Lublin developed quickly. The most significant trade fairs conducted by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were organized in the city. The region surrounding the city was merged to create the Lublin Voivodeship. For several times, the city was host to the noble parliaments. Perhaps the most significant of these was when the Union of Lublin was declared combining Lithuania and Poland.
During the latter half of the 16th century, several Reformation groups sprang in the city. It was also during this time that one of the most significant Jewish districts in Poland was founded in Lublin.
Lublin History – 17th Century to 19th Century
Lublin endured a decline, which was mostly due to the wars that broke in the 17th century. The city was passed on from one territory to the other: Austrian Empire, Duchy of Warsaw, and Russian Empire.
At the start of the 1800s, Lublin experienced several urban developments. New buildings, squares and streets were constructed all around the city. Railways were also built connecting Lublin to Warsaw and Kovel. As a result, the industry once again became alive in the city. The population of Lublin also grew immensely.
Lublin History – 20th Century
In 1915, the Russian rule over Lublin ended. The city was then occupied by armies from Germany and Austro-Hungary. Between the two World Wars, the development in Lublin continued and its population still grew. The city went under the Polish rule for some time. However, when the Germans invaded Poland, the city was ruled by the General Government. The population suffered greatly from the Germans.
After the Second World War, the city got back to its feet from the devastation it has experienced and continued on with the development and progress of its economy and industries. Its population and territory persisted to grow.
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