Campeche History, Mexico
Located near the Gulf of Mexico and capital city for the state of Campeche, the city of Campeche is one of the most important cities when it comes to proofs behind the historical events of Campeche. The city of Campeche was tagged as World Heritage Site by UNESCO somewhere in the year of 1999 due to presence of over 1000 historical monuments within the city borders. Many historical sights are yet to be discovered and this proves that the city of Campeche still has many facts hidden under it which will surely reveal a lot more about the history of Mexico.
In its early years the land on which today the city of Campeche is situated was the major land which would help people to enter the Peninsula of Yucatan. This city was officially formed on 4th October, 1540 and during those days this city was the only place which was inhabited by humans and the surrounding areas were all empty. The natural wealth of Yucatan was enough to attract migrants from Spain and England. This resulted in wars between the settlers from Spain and those from England. As a result many wars were fought somewhere in the year of 1559.
By the end of nineteenth century, the growing city of Campeche was slowing experiencing booming economy due to the exponentially growing agricultural industry, the commercial business, and the maritime industry. Haciendas slowly started to become popular amongst the city locals for almost every purpose. From houses for living purposes to offices, churches, and stores, Haciendas were being used everywhere. These historical Haciendas have now become centers for tourists to stay and enjoy their time in the city. Many are being used as expensive hotels and others as restaurants or simply as historical monuments.
The Spanish rulers had designed the streets of the city in form of chess board and these designs are still visible in many streets of this historical city. A beautiful plaza was also built alongside one of the streets near the sea side with sole purpose of marking the presence of Spanish King in the city. It was used by the Spanish Government for various parties. The plaza had a court, a shipyard, and a cathedral around it thus bringing all the necessary comforts for the Spanish Army.
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