Turin History, Italy
Hearing the name of the city of Turin will eventually spark the reader’s mind on the idea of the shroud that was said to be the cloth used by Veronica to wipe the face of Jesus on his way to crucifixion. This mystery further catapulted the fame of Turin to an entirely new level. However, this mystery on the Shroud of Turin cannot be given the sole credit of the city’s popularity among tourists and travel aficionados for it possesses a certain degree of majesty and grandeur that is hard to ignore. To this date, Turin boasts its unique history and culture that dates back during the time of Emperor Augustus around 28 A.D.
The city of Turin that we know today started as a military stronghold established by Emperor Augustus in the northern part of the Italian peninsula to protect the Roman northern territories. The fall of the Roman Empire also ended the role of Turin as the northern citadel. From there on, several foreign influences invaded Turin until political control was gripped by the Savoy dukedom during the 15th century. During this time, Turin was chosen to house the official residence of the existing Dukedom. Through this development, the Piedmont region unified with Turin as the capital.
The city of Turin enjoyed a relatively stable and free existence. Consequently, a series of events led to the involvement of the city in the invasion and conquest of Napoleon Bonaparte and the eventual unification of Italy. During this process, Turin was considered as the capital of United Italy but was later bartered to Florence. The First World War somewhat propelled the development of Turin as one of the centers of commerce and intellectual endeavors. It was during this time that the workforce of Turin ballooned to over forty thousand as a result of motor production as war paraphernalia. During the 19th century, Turin was a city that plainly demonstrates its resistance to the Fascist movement. Even then, economic progress continued to occur as unprecedented rate of migration to the city flowed.
To date, Turin houses some of the largest companies in Italy such as Telecom Italia and Fiat Motors. It also boasts its strong economic performance as one of the prominent powerhouses of the Italian peninsula. The city of Turin rose from a military camp to a modern and developed center today. Nevertheless, the legacy of its rich history and culture is still very visible in the structures that composed the city, which still stands proudly as a concrete testimony of what has been a grand past and a modern present.
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Chicago, IL (MDW) → Turin, IT (TRN)
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