Moncton History, New Brunswick
Moncton is a city in Canada situated in New Brunswick, Westmorland County. It is among the most densely populated census metropolitan area or the CMA with the population that is close to about 126,424. In fact, it is the second largest when it comes to CMA in Maritime Provinces after the CMA Halifax and third largest of the Atlantic Provinces after Halifax and the St. Johns. Not only is it among the top ten rapidly growing areas of Canada but also the increasingly growing urban region of Toronto East.
This city is situated in the New Brunswick’s southeastern part, within Petitcodiac River Valley. It is basically at Maritime Provinces’ geographic centre. It has gained the nick name of “Hub City” owing to the central location that it possesses also due to the history it holds. It is so as Moncton had been a land transportation nod railway hub historically for Maritime Provinces. This area was settled in the year of 1733 originally. The city of Moncton is thereby considered to have been founded in the year of 1766 officially with the Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants’ arrival from the land of Philadelphia.
Initially Moncton was an agricultural state and was not incorporated until the year of 1855. It was christened after Lt. Col. Robert Monckton, who was a British officer and captured Fort Beausejour about a century ago.
A very remarkable wooden ship building industry was developed here by the middle 1800s and allowed for the incorporation. It was unfortunate that the economy of the ship building collapsed badly in the years of 1860s. Subsequently the city also lost the charter in the year 1862 but regained that back in 1875. It was when the economy of the city was rebounded owing to the burgeoning railway industry.
In the year 1871, Moncton was chosen to be the headquarters of The Intercolonial Railway of Canada. It remained as a railroad town for about 100 years until the CNR or the Canadian National Railway locomotive shops got closed in late 1980s. By the sudden collapse of Ship Building Industry, the economy of Moncton suffered trauma twice in 1860s as it was affected terribly again in 1980s when the locomotive shops of CNR were closed. It is astounding that the city revived incredibly after the traumatizing incidents.
Later the city actually adopted the motto of Resurgo after the rebirth of Moncton as railway town. Presently, the economy of the city is very stable, diversified and is based primarily on transportation, retailing, commercial heritage and distribution. Along with this, it is immensely supplemented by the strength in the sectors regarding health care, education, information technology and finances. Their economy has now earned national recognition and people live in amiable environments.
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