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Joao Pessoa History, Brazil

Joao Pessoa is the Paraiba’s capital, a northeast region’s state in Brazil. The city is the home of the famous Brazilian writers and poets like, Augusto dos Anjos, Jose Americo de Almeida, Jose Lins do Rego, and Pedro Americo. The name of the city was taken from the state president Joao Pessoa Calvalcanti de Albuquerque in 1930 and was murdered in July 26 of the same year. The area of the city includes eight satellite cities such as the Bayeux, Conde, Lucena, Cabedelo, and Santa Rita.

 The city is just close to the other capital, the Recife, PE and Natal, RN. It is assumed that an unsanctioned megalopolis will be placed, particularly between the Recife and Joao Pessoa because of the excessive growing rate on these three capital municipalities. The Paraiba’s capital is one of the ancient on the northeast of Brazil. The city is the place where big auditoriums, theaters and convention centers are built, which can be used for different events and business gatherings. 

 In 1917, Joao Pessoa was Parahyba do Norte in the past and sometimes dubbed the city where the sun rises first. The city is also known as the world’s greenest city with over 7 square kilometers of forest land. The city has the tropical beaches, historic and modern buildings from the colonial period.

Joao Pessoa is known as one of the ancient Brazilian cities and was established in 1585 by the Portuguese after the war from the native Indians and the attack of the French.  In 1580-1640, when the Iberian Union happened (uniting of Portugal and Spain) the city had a chaotic history and was placed under the Spanish power.

During 16th century, the Portuguese colonizers from Perambuco established Filipeia de Nossa Senhora das Neves (Joao Pessoa now) on the area of Paraiba River. Then the area became perfect for making a sugar where the Dutch, French, and the Portuguese continually fighting to manage region of Paraiba in growing the sugarcane. In 17th century, the city was managed by the Dutch also for around 20 years. The name of the city was changed also from Paraiba in honor to the local politician who is assassinated.

When the Portuguese Empire supervises to defend the integrity of the province of Brazil the place became autonomous from the Portugal during 1822. The start of the improvement of the city was made gradually.

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