The attractions of Budapest, Hungary
My absolute favorite side of Budapest is the Gellert Hill and the Citadel:Rising steeply above the capital, Gellért Hill (Gellért- hegy) seems from the Danube to be a huge cliff, al- though it is only 140 metres (430 ft.) above the level of the river. Owing to its exceptional situation, it offers a peerless panorama of the entire city. Up to the end of the nineteenth century this was the limit of the town of Buda, and the hill served as an outpost and fortress of Buda Castle. The plateau is still not fully built over: only on the southern and western slopes can we find villas. The top can be reached on foot in a good quarter of an hour from the Buda end of either Elizabeth or Liberty Bridge. The motor road starts from Elizabeth bridge, but bus 27 starting at Móricz Zsigmond körtér will also take you to the summit.
The Citadel, the fortress on top of the hill, was built between 1850 and 1854 by the despotic Habsburg authorities to control the city after the suppression of the Hungarian War of Independence. The walls in the east-west direction are 200 metres (220 yds.) long, 4 to 6 metres (13-20 ft.) high and at some points 3 metres (10 ft.) thick. In 1897 the Austrian troops left the fortress, and in 1899 the city of Budapest, which bought it, had the walls symbolically demolished -as can still be seen next to the main gate-but then it was again used to house Hungarian soldiers. During the 1944-45 siege it was from the Citadel (and from Castle Hill) that the encircled German troops kept the city under gunfire until their final surrender. Today the Citadel serves as a look-out terrace and has a restaurant. The former barracks have been converted into a tourist hostel. The Liberation Monument (the work of Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl) was erected in 1947 to commemorate the liberation of the country and in honour of the soldiers of the liberating Soviet Army (today we call it occupation). The female figure holding the palm of victory together with the pedestal is 40 metres (132 ft.) high. In front of it is the statue of a Soviet soldier; of the two accessory figures one vanquishes the symbolic figure of destruction and devastation, the other one raises high the torch of progress. The names of fallen Soviet soldiers are carved on the pedestal. On the. southern and western slopes below the Citadel the Jubilee Park was completed in 1965-66; from here the view extends to the semicircle of the Buda hills. Of the statues in the park mention must be made of István Kiss's relief "Budapest" and of Ferenc Medgyessy's work "St. Gerard's (Gellért's) Fountain" standing in the lower end of the park.
Things about Budapest you may be interested in
Read about Budapest in our travel-guide
A trip to the Budapest ZooThe best things to do in Budapest
Recommended Budapest Guide
Budapest is a historical city of Hungry and was created with the unification of separate towns like Obuda, Pest and Buda in 1873. It is ranked among the most beautiful cities of the world. Budapest has vibrant culture and fascinating history. The city is the geographic and transportation hub of Hungry. It is also known for its unique values of traditions, history and culture. The city is bisected by the River Danube and it is also known as the City of Spas. Budapest is divided into the 23 districts. The area of Budapest has been inhabited from early times by the Celts in the 3rd century BC. In the Christian era, the town was conquered by... Read more »
Recent reviews for Budapest
One Night in Budapest - Sep 12, 2006, by MadSuh
Budapest is a cool town. I had to get back to Germany as my sister had a motorcycle accident (she is ok now!). I had to go back to Germany to take care of my family's house. I heard from a friend that he would be in Budapest for a... Read more »
Must see the Palace of Miracles in Budapest - Jun 22, 2009, by angel
Last summer we spent some days in Budapest with a friend from California. We tried to do and see as many things in this capital city as we could. We heard about this place 'The Mansion of Miracles' (Csodak Palotaja in hungarian) and we... Read more »
Five reasons to visit Budapest - Aug 27, 2008, by lindamura
Budapest, the capital city of Hungary, is located on a beautiful side of the Danube and has two parts – Buda and Pest. Buda is the older part with medieval buildings; Pest is the commercial center, a beautiful blend of new and old... Read more »
Must visit the Tropicarium in Budapest - Jun 22, 2009, by angel
One part of this interesting zoo is dedicated for birds. You enter two or three doors till you reach the room where they are. It's a very high place with many plants in the center. You can walk round the room and watch the birds flying near... Read more »
Budapest is a nice capital, woth visiting - Jun 30, 2009, by angel
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. This is a city where everyday happens something interesting - there are festivals, cultural events, concerts, interesting expositions and many more. The traffic in this city is quite bad, so if you... Read more »
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