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Brno History, Czech Republic

The second largest city in the Czech Republic, Brno’s population is almost 400,000. The population may not have witnessed the events in its history, but nevertheless, the events that occurred in Brno’s past are reflected in the city’s rich infrastructure that stood the test of time. Brno History is engraved on every stone of every historical site of the city.

Brno History – Foundations of Brno

Although the area of present Brno had a settlement since 5th century, in 1243, Brno was recognized as a town by Vaclav I, the Bohemian King. A castle for the Premyslid Dynasty was built in the 11th century. This became the center of the non-ruling prince.

Brno History – 14th Century and 15th Century

In the mid-14th century, Brno was the main location of assemblies of the Moravian region. These assemblies had discussions on the legislative, finances, and politics.

The Hussites attacked Brno twice: first in 1428 and the second in 1430. However, during these times, also known as the Hussites Wars, the city of Brno remained loyal to King Zikmund. Because of this, Brno did not fall in the hands of the aggressors.

Brno History – Invasions

In the years 1643 and 1645, during the Thirty Years’ War, the city of Brno was the only place known to have effectively defended its territory from Swedish blockades. Due to this, the Austrian Empire was able to reorganize its armies and fight off the Swedish invaders. The success of the empire meant the renewal of Brno’s city privileges.

In 1742, the Prussians attempted to invade Brno but they were unsuccessful. Once again, the city was victorious in defending itself from the foreign invaders. In 1805, 6 miles from the city of Brno, the Battle of Austerlitz took place.

Brno History – 18th Century

During the 18th century, as in other European cities, Brno experienced development in industry and trade. After the industrial revolution began, the city became one of Moravia’s centers of industry. The first train to Brno arrived in the city in 1839. The city’s growth in terms of industry paved the way for the development of the suburbs and the loss of Brno’s fortifications.

Brno History – 20th Century

With the establishment of the First Republic, Brno remained to be a significant city. It was also during this time that the Masaryk University was established. Brno, during this time, was not only the heart of industry but of culture and education as well.

Brno became an annex of the Nazi Germany together with Moravia and Bohemia during the Second World War. However, after the war, the ethnic German population in the city was ejected.

Brno History is a picture of how the city became victorious after several aggressions. The triumph led to a more prosperous and developed city. Learn more facts about the country by going through Prague History and Prague Travel Guide.

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