travelgrove Reviews
 

What to know about Milan before you get there, Italy

 
    Milan's map
vcppow's pictureby vcppow review
added on 14th of August, 2008

The history of Milan is as interesting and complicated as that of any importantcity. Milan began as an ancient Celtic settlement around 600BC and was added to the Roman Empire in 222BC. By the 4th century, Mediolanum, its Roman name, was the second largest city in Europe and capital of the Western Empire. The city was plundered by Attila the Hun in 452 and nearly totally destroyed in 541 during the Greco-Gothic war.

The Lombards took over what remained of Milan in 569, made it their capital and set Milan on the road to recovery.By the 11th century, Milan regained its prominence and prosperity, while embattled with the Papal Church and various emperors. By the end of the century, Milan led several Italian cities in becoming independent from the Holy Roman Empire and continued to enjoy prosperity thought the Middle ages.Milan’s premier family during this time, the Viscontis, annexed several other cities including Brescia, and Parma. The brothers Galeazzo and Bernabò Visconti combined efforts to conquer Pavia which was then given to Galeazzo and later his son Gian Galeazzo Visconti. Bernabo ruled Milan with an iron fist and tried to take his brother’s land and add it to his rule.

Gian Galeazzo put him in prison and became the ruler of the joint territory. He annexed most of Northern Italy, all city states except Florence and Venice. Upon his death, the empire was divided between Giovanni Maria Visconti and Filippo Maria Visconti; Giovanni was named duke, which led to his assassination and, since Filippo had no male heirs, the Visconti line ended with his death in 1447.Milan was blessed with prosperity and luck, being one of the few cities of Europe that was spared from Plague of 1349.

The families of the Visconti and Sforza ruled the city and sponsored the artists Leonardo da Vinci and Bramante. Filippo Visconti's daughter married Francesco Sforza, a sheriff of sorts. His role was to guard the city state but instead he assumed power and began the Sforza line. He was succeeded by Galeazzo Maria Sforza, a cruel man who was assassinated in 1476. leaving his 7-year-old son to rule Milan with the help of Ludovico Sforza. Know popularly as Ludovico the Moor, he was a man with cultivated tastes who sponsored education. Later, Gian Galeazzo married a woman from Naples and they tried to lessen Ludovico’s power. He, in turned, allied himself with Charles VIII of France, who later took control of Milan, only to be conquered by CharlesV of Spain.

Milan remained under this rule until the 18th century when Austria assumed rule. Eventually, the city states of Italy assumed independence and banded together in the late 1800’s. Throughout the changes in leadership, Milan continued to grow and prosper.Unfortunately, Milan’s prominence as an industrial city made it a prime bombing target during WWII, even after the city surrendered in 1943. Milan sustained a great deal of damage and entire neighborhoods were lost.

Milan was successfully reconstructed and has regained its status as a financial center. However 60% of Milan’s oldest buildings in the city center were destroyed, or so badly damaged during the bombing that they required demolition. The loss of so many buildings erected over the span of 1000 years is inestimable, but has resulted in Milan being a modern city with many new buildings designed by prominent 20th century architects.

 

Things about Milan you may be interested in

 
 

Read about Milan in our travel-guide
All you have to know about MilanThe best clubs and parties in Milan
 
 
 
guides

Recommended Milan Guide

Milan Sights

One of the fashion capitals of the world and also among Italy’s most illustrious cities, Milan is a tourist’s delight with everything that it has to offer. Milan shares in the historical heritage of the Roman Empire, but is also one of the most contemporary cities in Europe. Milan is well known for its many museums, and two of the finest are Pinacoteca di Brera and Pinacoteca Ambrosiana. The Sforzesco Castle is also definitely worth a visit, with its extensive collection of historical musical instruments and Egyptian art. Milan also has several historical churches that showcase Roman culture and architecture. The Duomo is one... Read more »

 
 
reviews

Recent reviews for Milan

The best clubs and parties in Milan - Aug 15, 2008, by vcppow
Night life in Milan is fascinating because it is constantly changing. Of course there are tried and true institutions that never go out of fashion, but new places constantly spring up and become popular overnight, their features spread by... Read more »

All you have to know about Milan - Aug 14, 2008, by vcppow
Milan, known for devotion to fashion and design, is the principle city of Northern Italy and a major economic force in Europe. The population of Milan and the surrounding area is over 7,400,000 making it the third largest metropolitan area... Read more »

 
 

More reviews you might be interested in

Koln reviews - Germany
Wo liegt Köln? Köln liegt in Rheinland Pfalz am Rhein, ein großer Fluss. Köln ist die viertgrößte Stadt in...
Warum besuchen Köln

Cairo reviews - Egypt
Cairo, the largest city in Africa, is the capital of Egypt, has a population approximated at 15 million and covers an area of 453 square km. It is...
What to know about Cairo

 

York reviews - United Kingdom
The UK's favourite city, where a weekend is never enough, when I was there a few times, I think is the most beautiful city in North Yorkshire. If...
Discovering York

Miskolc reviews - Hungary
This was a really snowy morning in Miskolc:) Sadly, I haven't took a picture of our car... it's natural color is red but this morning it all turned...
Winter trip to Miskolc

 

Szentendre reviews - Hungary
Our ship stopped near the old center of Szentendre. Of course here are the most of the souvenir shops of the town :) Many of the tourists stop here...
Relaxing in Szentendre

Cebu City reviews - Philippines
My students and I waited for a few minutes for the tour guide whose name is Mr. Val San Diego, the owner of the house himself. While waiting for...
My tour in Yap-Sandiego, Cebu

 

Chiscau reviews - Romania
Hi there, I’m writing this article to share with you my trip with the family to one of the greatest dripstone cave in the Romania. This is...
Visiting The Bear's Cave

Curtea de Arges reviews - Romania
We had chosen a longer way to get home (back to the motel) but I'm glad we did so. We had the opportunity to visit the Vidraru Lake, one of the...
Short trip to the Vidraru Lake, Romania

 

Chamonix reviews - France
The Alps 2008 It all began almost a year ago after an expedition in Fagaras Mountains at the end of October. We were on the peaks of the...
Mont Blanc Adventures

Obertauern reviews - Austria
Obertauern, this charming ski resort is situated 90kms southeast of Salzburg at an altitude of 1,809m above sea level. The best way to get here is...
Ski vacation in Austria

 
 
 
   Welcome to Travelgrove  register tell a friend bookmark it 
 
 
*