travelgrove Reviews
 

What to see in Berlin, Germany

 
    Berlin's map
vcppow's pictureby vcppow review
added on 14th of August, 2008

Berlin was immortalized in the film 'Cabaret' but the years after WWI represent just one colorful phase. Berlin is a very old city and many of its first buildings such as the Nicolaikirche and Marienkirche, both built between 1230 and 1292, can still be seen in the Nicolaiviertel area. Berlin was a trading hub in the 13th century and a recent excavation at the Pertriplatz uncovered an oak beam that dates to 1192, suggesting an earlier town.

Berlin grew from the fusion of two earlier settlements, Berlin and Cölln which were separated by the Spree River. At the midpoint of the next century, Berlin joined the Hanseatic League, a merchant association that regulated trade relations. At the end of the 15th century, Berlin’s population was about 8300 with 1100 buildings, including the first town hall, which was built on the site of the current Town Hall. 500 years of Hohenzollern reign had begun in Berlin and was commemorated in 1411 by initiating the building of what is now Berlin’s City Palace on an island in the Spree. Berlin’s importance rose until, in 1871, it was the capital of the German Reich and the nexus of business, politics and science. In 1879, the word’s first electric railway was demonstrated at an exhibition and in 1882 the Kurfürstendamm, a splendid promenade that is still enjoyed, was built.

The 20th century saw the building of the U-Bahn, still the speediest form of transport throughout Berlin and another city favorite, the Kaufhaus des Westens a department store at the Wittenbergplatz. Berlin’s population was now over 2 million, which was hard to sustain during WWI; poverty and starvation led to political unrest and labor strikes. The rise of Hitler and the National Socialist party ended the long history of democracy in Berlin. By the end of WWII Berlin’s Jewish population was reduced from about 160,000 to 1,400 by emigration and death in concentration camps.

The Wannsee Conference was held in 1942 nearby Berlin to discuss “final solution of the Jewish question,” in a house that is now a memorial. In 1940 Berlin experienced Allied bombing that damaged and destroyed many historic sites, including the original Sportpalais, site of the 1936 Olympics. The German Resistance to Hitler and the Third Reich is memorialized at the Bendlerblock and at the Plötzensee Memorial Center where many dissenters were executed in 1945. In April, Berlin surrendered to Allied Forces and on May 8, 1945 a treaty was signed in the Berlin suburb of Karlshorst, in a barracks that is now a memorial.

The city was subsequently divided into East and West Berlin, supervised by the USSR and the US, respectively. This division was physically embodied by erecting the Berlin wall which created a border between the two factions, friends and families. At the end of 1989 reunification efforts resulted in a new law that would allow travel between East and West Germany. On November 9, 1989 thousands of East Berliners went to Bornholmer Strasse to celebrate the opening of the border. The Berlin wall was later dismantled, small portions of it were sold as mementos. In recent years, Berlin has become a completely unified vibrant modern city.
 

Things about Berlin you may be interested in

 
 

Read about Berlin in our travel-guide
What to do in GermanyYou must see the Berlin Bundestag
 
 
 
guides

Recommended Berlin Guide

Berlin Nightlife

Berlin, Germany  Another incredible fact is that this city, in this seemingly liberal age, caters to people of any gender and to people with various gender preferences for that matter. In fact, Nolledorfplatz or otherwise known as the “Pink Village” and the Motzstrass are only a few of the havens for people with alternative lifestyles. These places are home to all sorts of lesbian and gay cultural events, museums and information centers. Moreover, the Pink Village holds a Lesbian and Gay men's Fair locally known as the Lesbisch-Schwules Stedfast every third and fourth week of June.... Read more »

 
 
reviews

Recent reviews for Berlin

Was gibt es in Berlin zu tun - Jun 15, 2009, by mary
Wo liegt Berlin? Berlin ist die Hauptstadt Deutschlands und liegt im Nordosten des Landes. Ca. 3,4 Millionen Einwohner hat Berlin. Die Durchschnittstemperatur ist 8,9 Grad. Im Jahr kommen ca. 17 Millionen Turisten nach Berlin, also mehr... Read more »

Berlin - Jul 24, 2009, by Victoria
Berlin wissen sie wo das liegt ich weiß es im osten Deutschlands dort gibt es das Brandenburger Tor,Schlösser und viele Museun zubesichtigen auf jeden fall lohnt es sich dort hinzufahren... Read more »

Places to visit free in Berlin - Apr 30, 2009, by erato
Berlin Sightseeing Berlin is one of the busiest capitals in Europe and still we, visitors must admit that it’s one of the most beautiful ones as well. city on its own is amazing, full of parks; Unequally among the European capitals... Read more »

What you have to know about Berlin - Apr 30, 2009, by cipristb
Berlin City is the largest city of Germany with 3.4 million inhabitants and an area of 892 square km so the city became the capital of the country. Berlin had the first time the status of the capital in 1871 and this status was maintained... Read more »

You must see the Berlin Bundestag - Apr 30, 2009, by erato
Berlin – Bundestag/Reichstag The Bundestag is the national parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany. The name Bundestag refers to the institution while the name Reichstag is used for the building. The architect of the original... Read more »

 
 

More reviews you might be interested in

Thun reviews - Switzerland
What can you do in this small city? Well I would say everything, really. It's a small, but really attractive city between the Alps and Thun lake....
A lot of things to do in Thun Switzerland

Klein Jasmund reviews - Germany
First, this was a 2.5 days weekend trip to Ruegen. Just to let you know that this will be no detailed description of the island itself... Well, to...
Weekend Trip to Jasmund National Park

 

Hajduszoboszlo reviews - Hungary
Hajduszoboszlo is one of the best touristic places near the Romanian-Hungarian border just about 60 km from Oradea. 60 km is not too much but the...
A short visit in the Hajduszoboszlo Aqua Park

Szeged reviews - Hungary
Szeged is the capital of Csongrad County near the Hungarian border, on the Great Plain and it is the fourth largest city of the country. The...
Nice little city in southern Hungary

 

Udaipur reviews - India
India rich and diverse wildlife are preserved in the different sanctuaries across the country. Over 350 species of mammals and over 1225 species of...
Explore the Indian wildlife

Mexico City reviews - Mexico
Population: 104 million Major Airports: * Juarez International Airport, Mexico City - MEX * Cancun International Airport - CUN ...
Traveling in Mexico

 

Oslo reviews - Norway
There are some attractions you visit at Oslo Blog Gathering 2010: Oslo Opera House recreational culture for the people and The Norwegian Viking...
Oslo Attractions

Bicaz reviews - Romania
We arrived quite soon to the Bicaz Canyon (in Hungarian is Bekas szoros). I think this place is unique in Romania. The road cuts through the...
Excursion at the Bicaz Canyon (Cheile Bicazului)

 

Brasov reviews - Romania
Hi dear friends, I just want to share with you my experience at Brasov, what I decide to visit with the gang from Covasna. Brasov is one of the...
Visiting Brasov

Monastir reviews - Tunisia
The ride to Monastir was in comparison to the distance before quite easy, because we were in the vicinity of the only highway in Tunisia, so it was...
Experiencing Monastir

 
 
 
   Welcome to Travelgrove  register tell a friend bookmark it 
 
 
*