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Liverpool History, United Kingdom

Liverpool, UK - History: Flourishing by the sea shore!

Liverpool was founded in 1207, by King John, who chartered the name of the city in those years. Prior to that, there may have been a hamlet, so miniscule, that it was not at all mentioned in the Domesday Book. The region originally had been a tidal pool, by the side of Mersey, and was referred to as the muddy pool or the “lifer pol”. After the English conquest of Ireland, John found use for the place, as he needed a port to send his ships back to England along with the supplies and men over the Irish seas.

Liverpool: Easier route for trading

As soon as the port was set up, it became an easier route for trading purposes. This was the reason for which number of shops was built near the region coaxing it to develop as a market. This brought tradesmen and artisans from different regions to move over here and get settled for their business to thrive. People were later on granted the permission to arrange annual fairs for a span of few days and attracted visitors from all over the North-western region of England.

How trade kept flourishing for eight centuries?

Much later by the early 13th century, the entire town was given under the control of the merchant’s guild, which had a Reeve to control the market on regular basis. The introduction of the Mayor came later in the early 14th century, who had to look over the issues involving small time workers. From then onwards in the 16th and 17th century, Liverpool started to extend its technological growth in different sectors and improved its naval trade considerably all over the Atlantic. This helped the city to become a booming trade center. The trading routes flourished and grew from the Atlantic to several English colonies by the 18th century, but the problem of overcrowded population kept pressing onto the unhygienic conditions. The first dock was built in the year 1715. However, due to the growing population there soon the space at the dock seemed inadequate. By the 19th century, several new docks had come up to suffice the growing needs.

Effect of Second World War on Liverpool

The city had changed greatly with several social welfare and recreational facilities coming up. The major damage, which the city faced was during the World War II, when it was bombed and numerous people were killed.

Things have turned out to be pretty good from then on, and people feel proud to have such prolific maritime history to their city’s name.

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  • Sayuri87The Liverpool Cathedral
    travel tip by Sayuri87 posted more then 30 days ago
    The Liverpool Cathedral is an amazing experience for everyone. It has a lot of attractions, exhibitions that you must see and experience if you are in Liverpool. The opening hours vary from program to program (mostly from 08:00-09:00 to...
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