San Marino History, San Marino
San Marino, History – Early Times
San Marino History resembles much that of the country it belongs to, because in the past this amazing capital has actually been the unique town making up San Marino. In the year 310, the city was settled by a number of Christian refuges that were running away from the Roman persecution. This is why the religious aspect of the people living here is very important even nowadays. With the passage of time, San Marino became the oldest republic on the continent, receiving refugees and other people that were seeking shelter. Even if, throughout its history, its inhabitants never invaded some other countries or used war to obtain new territories, in San Marino, three important towers were built, so as to defend the city and to discourage attacks on the town: Guaita, Cesta and Montale.
San Marino, History – Middle Times
Due to its beautiful landscape and richness, San Marino was the object of conquer of many Italian lords, but without any result. The city struggled to remain as neutral as possible and this attracted the admiration of Pope Pius II who offered some castles and towns to this tiny country. Later on, another city decided to be a part of San Marino country and since then, its territory remained unchanged. San Marino faced some other attacks and was ruled under foreign domination, but only for a short period of time. It adopted a written constitution so as to consolidate its institutions and laws, which has been changed in war time, but, in the end, with the help of the Pope, San Marion regained its rights and independence.
San Marino, History – Recent Times
The relations between San Marino and Italy became very close and once with the beginning of the World War I, Italy expected its support, but San Marino adopted a neutral position. Their collaboration came to an end for a short period of time, in the 20’s, when the little country was affected by the political agitation that was troubling Italy. However, right before the World War II, San Marino experienced a period of reinvention and modernization. During the following global war, this amazing country maintained for the second time a neutral position. Just recently it became a part of the United Nations, which gave a great help to the development and evolution of this little and peaceful nation.
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