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Perm History, Russia

It was during the early years of the Middle Age when the land on which Perm is located was actually inhabited by Finno – Ugric Tribes. They used to cover an important section of this land and stretched till Volgo Bulgaria in the North East and Bjarmaland in the South East. It was during the second half of the 13th century and the first half of the 14th century when various businessmen especially fur traders and different Christian missionaries from the capital city Moscow and from Novgorod moved into this land to lay the foundation of the first few settlements. It was the late 14th century when Saint Stephen Missionary was created with the sole purpose of converting the population of Perm to Christianity.

Fur business became a major reason why various businessmen of Moscow and Novgorod started to fight against each other. It was the year 1472 when this fur rich city was under the control of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Later on, by the second half of the 15th century and the first half of the 16th century various peasants and Tsarist administrative officials entered the city of Perm thus increasing the population count and its importance.

It was the year 1647 when Perm was actually a village famous by the name of Yegoshikha and it was 15th May 1723 when Perm was officially called a town. Till 1781 Perm enjoyed the status of town but due to the huge amount of development it was tagged as city by1781.

By the1860s Perm was an important industrial and trading center with a population of around 20000 inhabitants. By this time it had many paper, steamboat, and metallurgy producing factories which were providing a lot of jobs to the locals.

It was during the Russian Civil War when this city suffered huge losses. The strong economy in this city made it a major target. Siberian White Army controlled Perm in 1918 and by 1919 the Red Army was again controlling Perm.

After the dust of war settled down once again Perm started to move on the path of modernization and today stands as one of the very important cities in Russia when it comes to economy as well as culture.

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