Porto History, Portugal
Porto History began during the Roman times in the 4th century when the first information about the place was known. It was called “Portu Cale” during that time and it was considered a significant port between Braga and Lisbon. Below are other significant events in Porto’s past and present.
Porto History – The Arabs and Other Invasions in the 8th Century
The members of the nomadic Arab people plagued and destroyed the city together with the Iberian Peninsula during the 8th century. Vimara Peres, a slave to King Alfonso III of Asturias, was commanded to seize the city for the second time. This enabled the Moors to rule over the city for about a century from 711 to 868.
Porto History – From the 12th to the 14th Century
In the 12th century, Bishop Hugo has received a donation of a town from Queen Donha Teresa. This period marked the renovation of the city. A cathedral was built in between the rivers of Duoro and Villa. This is also the time when the city was known as Porto.
During the 14th century, the father of Henrique the Navigator, Mestre de Aviz, also known as the 2nd dynasty's first king, was supported by the city. This is the reason why Porto played a vital role in achieving the independence of Portugal. In the same century, the historical friendship of Portugal with England was reignited by the wedding of Joao I and Philipa Lancaster.
Porto History – From the 16th to the 18th Century
For about 60 years (from 1580 to 1640), Spanish groups conquered the city. Even with this invasion, an advantage was brought to the city since urban development as well as political growth was seen. It also paved the way for the arts to be recognized in the area.
Methuen Treaty was signed in 1703 which formed commercial relation rules between Portugal and England. This paved the entry of woolen cloth in Portugal without any custom duties imposed. This treaty developed the city's very own wine industry. The Portuguese wine was allowed to enter England and firms from England were encouraged to invest in Porto. This made England benefit from the developing industry of winery.
After the invasion of the Spanish troops, Napoleon's French troops conquered the city. This particular event took place in 1809. Almost 6000 people crossed the Douro River through a floating bridge. Unluckily, the bridge collapsed because the weight of the people crossing exceeded its capacity.
The population successfully conquered the lengthy stay of the military operation by the royalist forces in 1832. The city ably defended the Constitutional Chart. This notable act was considered by King Pedro IV as a noble act of the people.
The traces of Porto History left a lot of teachings to the entire community and country. Its great participation in Portugal’s independence made it recognized as a vital part of the nation. More information may be tracked through Valladolid Travel Guide and Vigo Travel Guide.
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