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Sukkur History, Pakistan

Sukkur is a historical and cultural city of Sindh, Pakistan.  Historical and archeological findings indicate that this area has been inhabited from a very long time. The city of Sukkur has an importance place in the history of South Asia. When Alexander the Great invaded Sindh in about 326 BC, he made “Alore” his capital, which was a small town in Sukkur.

After the departure of Alexander the Great, there are no significant traces of the history of Sindh. In the following years some strong religious movements have been recorded in history and Buddhism and Jainism promoted.

Brahmanism also established in the region of Sindh. Rai dynasty ruled over the region of Sindh for many years. Their Empire was comprised of five kings one after the other.  One of the most popular Rai king was Rai Saharas. During his reign, the Persian forces invaded Sindh and he was killed. After his death, one of his ministers namely “Chach” founded a new Empire.

He married the widowed queen and ruled over Sindh for approximately forty years. He was succeeded by his brother Chandar. Chandar took over the whole Empire and ruled over for eight years. After his death, his nephew Dahir succeeded him.  In the reign of Dahir, Muhammad Bin Qasim invaded Sindh. Muhammad Bin Qasim conquered the Alore.

In 1026, Mahmood Gazni took over Multan and proceeded to conquer Sindh.  His forces conquered Thatta, Sehwan and many other parts of Sindh.  Tie tribes took over the region and their reign was extended over a large area. Shah Baig marched to Sindh and was encountered with Sammas ruler Jan Feroz, who was defeated in this battle.

In the Mughal Empire, Emperor Akber appointed his governor to rule over the Sindh. After the end of Mughal Empire, the area was ruled by Kalhoras & Talpurs both worked on the friendly terms with the East India Company. Disintegration and disunity among the rulers resulted into the occupation on the Sindh by the British. Originally, Sukkur covered the areas of Shikarpur and Ghotki.

The city of Sukkur is home to many monuments and buildings of historical and cultural importance. Sukkur has a very famous museum known as Sukkur Museum, which displays an array of antiques and collectibles from different Empires and Civilizations including Moen Jo Daro and Harappa.

At the time of Independence, most of the population of the city was engaged in agriculture. Now Sukkur is home to many small and big agricultural and industrial units.

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