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Multan History, Pakistan

Multan is a historical and traditional city of Pakistan. It is one of the oldest cities in Pakistan.. The region of Multan has served as a major invasion route between different countries of Asia. Multan has to offer a lot to those who are in search of great culture, traditions and history.

The popularity of Multan lies in historical monuments including Shrines, Tombs and mazaars of Aulia. Multan has been ruled and conquered by many Empires including Mughals, Sikhs and British.

It is believed that the region of Multan has also been visited by the Alexander, the Great. Among other notable Monarchs who visited Multan are Xuang Tzang, Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad Bin Qasim. Multan earned the title of Dar al-Aman in the Mughal Empire.

The city of Multan got a financial stability by the Nawabs of Multan before independence.  One of the famous rulers of Multan was Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani, who contributed to the growth of this city. He also built a popular mosque known as Ali Mohammad Khan Mosque. Many buildings of historical importance were also constructed.

Multan has been a center of religion for a long time. Many Sufis and saints chose Multan as their preaching place. Some famous saints who are buried in Multan are Hazrat Bahauddin Zikria, Hazrat Shah Rukne Alam, Hazrat Shah Shams Tabrez, The Tomb of Shah Sabzwari and many others. Islamic traditions are being practiced here for a long time.

The history of Multan starts with its conquest by Muslims. Historically, Multan was a fortified city, which was surrounded by six gates. These six gates include Dault, Bohat, Lohari and Pak Gate etc.

These six gates acted as an entrance point to the city.  Multan has a long history of Tazia Making, which is a best example of craftsmanship. Multan was also a center of woodwork. The city is divided into two main parts the old city and new city. The old city has densely populated narrow streets.  After Independence in 1947, Multan witnessed a great industrial and agricultural boom.  

Fertilizers, Ceramics, cosmetics and cutlery have been the major industries in Multan. Some of the most popular and historical buildings in Multan include The Multan Municipal Corporation Clock Tower, Shah Rukn-I-Alam mausoleum, Multan Fort, Sun Temple, The Tomb of Shah Rukn-E-Alam And The Tomb of Saint Bahauddin Zakarya etc.

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