Mexicali History, Mexico
In its early years well before the formation of Mexicali the delta of River Colorado was full of people from Cocopah and Kilwa tribes. These two tribes gave importance to agriculture and they had expertise in producing corns of 5 different colors, squash, peas, and melons. They had also invented rafts which they would use to float on the waters of River Colorado.
The first foreign touch was of Span. After the arrival of Spanish people, the population of Cocopah tribe decreased considerably and even today, they have a small population living in one corner of the city. The first European entry into this land was of Jesuits but they didn’t stay longer. By the year 1780 even Spanish started to feel that the land on which they were exercising their control was actually useless.
It was the year 1888 when the national government actually took this land seriously and created teams that would optimize the quality of living in this area and surrounding areas. By the year 1900, government passed on a contract to create a canal through the delta of Arroyo Alamo. The motive was to connect the dry land with the River Colorado. The plan worked and by 1904 around 10000 humans had created the dry basin as their homeland and around 400 kilometer square of land was under the irrigation of farmers. The U.S. side of land was called as Calexico and the Mexican side of land was called as Mexicali.
The original date when the city of Mexicali was named is March 14th 1903. The new city of Mexicali had its own municipality by 4th November 1914.
For the rest of 20th Century the agriculture industry of Mexicali grew exponentially with cotton taking the lead amongst all the crops. The huge presence of cotton gave way to the textile industry thus bringing in more jobs for the locals of the city. Somewhere in 1950s, the city of Mexicali was the largest producer of cotton in Mexico with production touching the heights of 500000 parcels being produced by 1960s.
As of today, the city of Mexicali is one of the most important agricultural centers for Mexico. Along with cotton now, the city has also started to concentrate on various kinds of vegetables and wheat production too.
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