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Hermosillo History, Mexico

As per various archeological excavations and different researches one can say that the history of Hermosillo started in the year 1700. During this time many villages came into existence on those lands which were under the control of Native Americans before that. All this happened in the region called as Plaza Zaragoza.

Finally, it was the year 1741 when the foundation for the city of Hermosillo was officially laid down. It was the Viceroy of New Spain who was responsible for laying the foundation of this city and called it as El presidio de Pitic. By the year 1783 this newly formed city faced a name change and it was called as Villa de Pitic by the locals as well as by the officials of this city.

Later on it was 5th September, 1828, when the city of Villa de Pitic faced another name change and it was called as the city of Hermosillo. This name was given in the memory of Jose Maria Gonzalez de Hermosillo who was the major general for the army which had fought for the independence of Mexico in the year 1810. This general was the leader of the army who fought for independence from the state of Sinaloa.

It was 26th April, 1879, when the city of Hermosillo was tagged as the capital city for Sonora. The constitution was appended on 15th September, 1917, and the declaration for Hermosillo being the capital city was confirmed in article 28 of this constitution.

The last few years of 1800 were very serious for the city of Hermosillo. It was year 1852 when Gaston Rousset Boulbon started an anti - government fight so as to win against the national army of Mexico but couldn’t continue for long. It was the year 1866 when Ángel Martínez with his army took control of this city which was initially under the control of Jose María Tranquilino Almada. Just few years passed and the imperialists took control of the city. In next few years many times the city passed controls to many different leaders and many fights occurred in the city during those times.

It was the year 1881 when the city of Hermosillo was gifted with its own railway line. It was by the end of nineteenth century when the city of Hermosillo had the population of around 14000 inhabitants and the city during those years was growing quickly in terms of agriculture and commerce.

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