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Aguascalientes History, Mexico

The land on which today the city of Aguascalientes is located has faced many tribes being part of it. Archeologists have unearthed many utensils, ceramics, and paints in various caves which are a proof to this. Lastly during the medieval period the city was inhabited by Chichimecas Tribe during the 900 A.D. and it is considered that were responsible for destroying this city.

It was the year 1529 when the Spanish army took control of this land. Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán was the leader of the army of 300 fighters and around 6000 families which finally settled in Aguascalientes. The Spanish army named this area as Nueva Galicia. The Spanish Army had started to cover various pathways which were leading out of the city. One such outpost was named after the name of the city itself. It was 22nd October, 1575, when Don Gerónimo de Orozco (the then governor of Nueva Galicia) officially formed this town after winning the approval of Felipe II, the king of Spain during those days.

The city of Aguascalientes had to face severe wars during the next few decades which were mostly started by the local people in order to force the Spanish Army out of the city. It was the year 1582 when barely a single commander with around 16 soldiers was left alive in the city. The Spanish Army did compromise with the local Indians and as a result the wars died down by the year 1593. The next few decades marked the growth of Aguascalientes in every field although it was hit by a severe epidemic somewhere in the year of 1740 which killed over 1000 locals.

Although the city of Aguascalientes was growing but it wasn’t going to be easy for this city to become part of national politics. It was somewhere in the year 1804 when the city of Aguascalientes was given the tag of sub - delegation for the state of Zacatecas. After the Mexican War in year 1921 the city of Aguascalientes became a territory for couple of years but was once again made part of same state when the war ended. Lastly it was 5th February, 1857, when the city of Aguascalientes was finally tagged as a free city.

Since then the city of Aguascalientes has always played an important role in the economy of Mexico and all political proceedings of Mexico.

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