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Alma-ata History, Kazakhstan

The history of Alma-ata or Almaty started in 10-9 BCE during the Bronze Age and this was the time when the farmers and the cattle-breeders settled in the area. The area next great evolution happened during the Middle Ages and the area was known for its cultural development. This was also the time when the residents of the area changed their way of living and effectively transferred to a permanent way of living known for their farming and handicraft development.

During the Middle Ages, the city was one of the centers of craft and agriculture of the Silk Road. During the 15th to the 18th centuries, the city experienced some form of deterioration. But even though some areas of the city have been deteriorating, the city witnessed also an important part of its history. This was also known as the period of the more crucial cultural and political transformations for the city and for the country. The area was also a witness to the tragic developments that are linked to Dzugar intervention and the city also witnessed the efforts made by the Kazakh in order to preserve their independence.

The year 1854 was the time when the city witnessed another important event.  This was the strengthening of the Fort Verniy and this year saw the start of the construction of the Verniy Fort. The fort was nearing its completion in 1854. By 1855, a displaced Kazakh appeared in the Verniy. And after a year, Verniy started accepting peasants from Russia and the influx of migrants led to the construction of the sloboda. This was made as the place for settlement for the merchants and the Tatar craftsmen. By the year 1921, the name of the city was changed to Alma-ata. This was the time when the participation of many sectors was called in order to decide on the issue. Thru the initiative of the Central Executive Committee of the country, the capital was transferred to the city. The Congress approved the initiative when the plan was made in 1927.

An airport was added in the city in 1930 and with this, the city was made as the air gate to the country. From the 1960s, the city experienced great development and a number of public and cooperative housing were built. The Medeu Dam was added in the city in 1966 and by 1981, the underground Almaty Metro was started.

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