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Ludhiana History, India

Ludhiana was founded by the Lodi dynasty in 1480 and now it is referred to as the metropolitan city. During the period of Maharaja Ranjith Sing, Ludhiana come under British protection, but later Ranjith Sing regained control of the Ludhiana.

 Ludhiana is located centrally in the NH-1 from Delhi to Amrithsar. The Punjab Agriculture University is also located in Ludhiana.

Ludhiana is the largest city in the Punjab state with a size of about 310 sq km. Ludhiana city stands on the beautiful bank of the Sutlaj River which offers the city stunning views of the water.

The population usually increases during the harvesting season from the migration of laborers from other states. Ludhiana is the major center of textile industries and engineering centers in India and it is a popular cultural center in the political arena. Its main exports are wool, machinery tools, dyes, cycle parts and other motor parts that are sent all over the world.

This attraction is of historical and geographical importance.  It is called the Manchester of India. The Ludhiana people were predominantly cultivating wheat and rice. In Ludhiana, the wheat production was recorded as yielding the most per hectare in the world.  They also manufacture the world’s number one agricultural equipments. Ludhiana is also rapidly growing in rubber, chemicals, electronics and electronic industries.

 During the reign of Sikander, the son of Bahlol Lodi, the Ludhiana people were oppressed so they solicited help from their emperor. Sikander sent his most prized chiefs, Yusuf khan and Nihang khan, with their solders. The chiefs were assigned to the present day site of Ludhiana city, which was the village of Mir Hota during that time. When Nihang khan was staying in Mir Hota, he was the first to call the city Ludhiana. After the death of Akber in 1605, the Sikhs came to power. The raise of Raikot had roamed the land around Ludhiana and he ruled Ludhiana.  Shortly thereafter, in 1798, the Sikhs were attacked under Bedi Sahib Sing of Una. At this time, the British general helped Raikot with the defense of the city.

Ludhiana is famous for its large grain market and rural Olympics.  There are also many important pilgrimage centers of Gurudwaras located in and within the city. About 500 years ago, a Muslim ruler, Sikander Lodi, built an important historical monument called the “Fort of Lodi” on the bank of river Sutlaj. Ludhiana was the main controller of the area during the English Sikhs stay. During this period of English presence, they built the current day canal for the purpose of irrigation. In 1839, an agreement was signed between Maulana Shah Abdul Khader and the English Crown.  Then the English were able to enforce their rule over the king of Kabul.

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