Dresden History, Germany
Dresden is a city located in the Free State of Saxony in Germany. Its name was derived from the Old Sorbian language which means people of the riverside forest. Dresden History dates back to the Neolithic Era and took its peak when it became a capital and royal residence of the Electors and Kings of Saxony. Definitely, the city’s history is one to take note of.
Dresden History – Early History
The very first settlement proved to have inhabited the location of Dresden today were of Slavic descent called Drezd’any in the 12th century. After the year 1270, the city became the capital of the margravate. The Wettin dynasty took over the city in around 1319. Starting from the year 1485, Dresden became the seat of the Dukes of Saxony and by 1547 the electors of the state chose the city as its seat also.
Dresden History – Modern Europe
During the time of Frederick Augustus I (17th century), elector and ruler of Saxony, many European musicians, painters, and architects gathered in Dresden. This indicated the start of Dresden’s distinction as the chief European city for art and technology.
When the Napoleonic Wars broke, Napoleon made Dresden the chief of operations. In 1849, the German Revolutions erupted and again, Dresden was the center of the Uprising causing great damage to the historic town. With industrialization, Dresden became a chief hub of economy. With this, its population rose from 95,000 in 1849 to 396,000 in 1900.
During the early 20th century, Dresden became famous for its cigarette factories and camera works. Up until 1933, the city was the heart of European modern art.
Dresden History – World War II
Dresden was converted to a safe shelter for 600,000 refugees during the last months of World War II. The city had to endure 7 attacks from 1944 to 1945. The bombing that took place in Dresden History between February 13 and February 15, 1945 remains one of the most notorious Allied actions. It was reported that some 150,000 to 250,000 deaths took place. However, the latest commissioned report asserts 25,000 fatalities.
Dresden History – Post-War
Dresden slowly recovered from the effects of the Second World War and moved to becoming a main industrial hub. Significant historic landmarks were reconstructed like the Semper Opera House and the Zwinger Palace. However, some were beyond repair. Between 1985 and 1990, Vladimir Putin, a would-be Russian President was posted by the KGB in Dresden.
Dresden History shares the limelight with other majestic towns and cities of Germany. Looking into Frankfurt History, one will appreciate how this remarkable city became the biggest in the country. Furthermore, people are encouraged to take time out to read more travel guides like those that explain about Berlin History. Berlin is considered as the capital of Germany.
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The Zwinger Palace is located in the city of Dresden, Germany. The construction took place in the year 1709 and was originally made of wood and served as the amphitheater for the knights contests on the handling of weapons or other entertainment for the Saxon royal court. Between 1710 and 1719,...
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