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San Miguel De Tucuman History, Argentina

As per archeologists, in its early years the city of San Miguel de Tucumán was dwelled with various Indian tribes. One of the most important tribes of those times was diaguitas calchaquíes who brought the art of weaving and pottery to this city of San Miguel de Tucumán. They had experience in growing gourd, corn, and quina for their food. They also used to have their own pet animals for the supply of milk and meat. In short this tribe was the first most complete tribe of San Miguel de Tucumán.

Quilmes was another tribe whose culture can still be found in the surroundings of today’s San Miguel de Tucumán. Originally in the year 1536 Diego de Almargo was the first Spanish who entered the land but never laid the foundation for some city during that visit. Later in mid 1565 it was Diego de Villarroel who landed on a region (called as Ibatin during those days) and located on the sides of some tributary of River Sali. Finally it was the year 1585 when the foundation for the city of San Miguel de Tucumán was laid down.

For the coming years Diego de Almargo worked hard to conquer and establish the city of San Miguel de Tucumán. He expanded its army base and used the woods from surrounding forests for the construction of Cart Carreta (the most famous vehicle of those days). Same is the reason why Tucumán’s Roads are also known as Carretera Tucumána.

The original location for the city was region of Monteros but the relocation work was started somewhere in the mid of 1685. The new location had better altitude and the region was called as La Toma. It took almost 5 years for complete relocation of San Miguel de Tucumán.

It was year 1810 when the city of San Miguel de Tucumán elected Manuel Felipe de Molina (a priest) as its representative. By year 1812 Manuel Belgrano took control of San Miguel de Tucumán after winning the battle of Tucumán. By the year 1816 the city of San Miguel de Tucumán was deteriorating due to its dead economy and war hit monuments.

During the final years of 19th century the first industry (a sugar making industry) was started in the city and with the launch of railway system in year 1876 the city of San Miguel de Tucumán started to grow exponentially.


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