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Kabul History, Afghanistan

Afghanistan's beauties have been swamped by tyranny and war and the story to tell its visitors and observers spans more than two centuries. Although, its history stretches for only two centuries, Afghanistan and Kabul contributed much to the greatness of the many Central Asian empires. T

This noteworthy city of Afghanistan was founded between 200 BCE and 1500 BCE and a number of references have been made to this city. It was believed that the ‘Kubha’ that was mentioned in many books is the same modern Kabul that is known today.

The modern history of Kabul started when the city was captured by Nadir Shah of Persia. Nadir Shah was replaced by Shah Durani and it was Durani who expanded the Afghan empire. During this time, the city of Kandahar was the capital of the country. However, when Timur Shah Durani assumed the post, the city of Kabul was made the center of the country.

The year 1826 was the year when the city was claimed by the Dost Mohammed. This was again snatched by the British Indian Army in 1839. A local uprising happened in 1841 but the British returned after few years. The early 20th century saw the assumption of King Amanullah Khan in charge of ruling and the King made a number of reforms on the city.

Some of the more popular reforms that were instituted by the King include the introduction of electricity for the city of Kabul and it was the King who introduced schooling for girls. The King lived a privileged life as he was benefited by the many luxuries of that time. The year 1930 was a significant year for Kabul as this was the year when the Kabul University was opened.

And the 1940s on the other hand was the time when the city of Kabul experienced growth as an industrial center. This was the decade when the city’s roads have been paved. The 1960s saw the city of Kabul changing much of its city life and infrastructure. This was the time when Western stores set foot in the city. It was in this decade that the Marks and Spencer was opened in the city and this was the first one that was built in Central Asia.

After five years, the US invaded the country and the city and on December 2001, the city of Kabul was made the capital of the Afghan Transitional Administration. From then on, the city slowly developed with the help of foreign governments.

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